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[496] President would furnish the occasion. In the House, Singleton of Mississippi declared he would never suffer1 the army and navy to pass into the hands of such an Executive (with control, too, as Governor Letcher of2 Virginia added, of the judiciary and the post-offices). His advice to his own State was: “The sooner we get out of the Union, the better. . . . A gallant son of the South, Jefferson Davis, led our forces into Mexico, and, thank God! he still lives, perhaps to lead a Southern army.” Lib. 30.9.

Davis, in spite of his having repeatedly pledged3 himself to disunion in case of Republican success, was the4 favorite ‘standard-bearer in 1860’ with the more besotted Democrats of the North. And even as Singleton was nominating him commander-in-chief of a Confederate army, Davis was reading a letter from ex-President Pierce,5 marking him as ‘the coming man’ for the national Democratic nomination, and confirming the writer's old assurance that a civil war would not rage solely on the border:6

‘Without,’ said the ex-President, discussing the question of right—of abstract power to secede, I have never believed that actual disruption of the Union can occur without blood. And if, through the madness of Northern abolitionism, that dire calamity must come, the fighting will not be along Mason's and Dixon's line merely: it [will] be within our own borders, in our own streets, between the two classes of citizens to whom I have referred. Those who defy law and scout constitutional obligations, will, if we ever reach the arbitrament of arms, find occupation enough at home. Independent Democrat, Concord, N. H., Sept. 17, 1863; Greeley's Am. Conflict, 1.513; Lib. 33.158.

On the other hand, the acknowledged ‘coming man’ of the Republican Party, William H. Seward, doubtless well content to have been absent in Europe during the John Brown excitement, landed in New York on7 December 27, 1859, to the sound of guns in the City Hall park, and made a triumphal progress to his home in Auburn. Resuming his place in the Senate, where he was shunned8 by his virtuous Southern colleagues, he made his first manifesto in a speech on his bill to admit Kansas. Instead9 of proclaiming afresh, with all the force of the latest evidence,

1 Lib. 30.17.

2 Lib. 30.17, 18.

3 Ante, p. 469;

4 Lib. 30.17.

5 Jan. 6, 1860.

6 Ante, p. 469.

7 Lib. 30.3.

8 Lib. 30.11.

9 Feb. 29, 1860; Lib. 30.31, 37.

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