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[129] decision of the Society, nor his abrupt discontinuance of1 the paper and refusal to surrender the subscription lists, following Leavitt's Emancipator example, could disenchant. A new schism resulted, of limited extent though marked by bitter feeling, and was fostered by the New-Organization and Liberty-Party spirit, ever intent on2 profiting by dissensions in the abolition ranks. Further details of the controversy belong to a history of the antislavery movement. Mr. Garrison's connection with it, as shown above, cost him not only his standing in Rogers's disordered estimation, but a fresh measure of abuse from the latter's sympathizers and abettors.

Hard enough was the office task of the editor of the Liberator in this crowded year 1844, when the press of3 matter claiming admission to his columns was full beyond precedent. The disunion campaign; the hot Presidential canvass, ending in the election of Polk and the national4 confirmation of Tyler's Texan policy; Tyler's5 extraordinary appeal from the Senate, rejecting his treaty, to the House, for which John Quincy Adams would have had6 him impeached, as endeavoring to declare a foreign war without the consent of the Senate; Tyler's message at the7 next session, pointing to the plebiscit in his favor, and urging an act of annexation; McDuffie's resolution to this8 end—all this was but a part of what our chronicler of the time had to record as fully as possible, let alone the voluminous documents in the Rogers affair. The year opened with Congressional debates over the Massachusetts resolves in favor of abrogating the three-fifths9 slaverepresentation clause in the Federal Constitution—a premium, as Charles Francis Adams rightly affirmed, on10 the perpetuation of slavery, and, as the elder Adams and Giddings showed (in a minority report on the resolves),11 the foundation of a privileged order of citizens, a slaveholding oligarchy, tending infallibly to absorb the leading offices of the Government as well as of the Slave States. By votes of 121 to 18 and 127 to 41 the House adopted12 Dromgoole's resolutions declaring the three-fifths compromise

1 Lib. 14.199.

2 Lib. 15.55, 70, 78.

3 Lib. 14.207.

4 Lib. 14.183. 200.

5 Lib. 14.98, 102.

6 Lib. 14.98.

7 Lib. 14.197.

8 Lib. 14.202.

9 Ante, pp. 92, 93.

10 Lib. 14.37.

11 Lib. 14.69.

12 Lib. 14.51.

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