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[133]

Mr. Garrison's activity as a speaker, from Maine to Pennsylvania, was very great in the year under review, until the trouble in his side compelled him to withdraw1 temporarily from the lecture field. As usual, slavery was not his sole topic, but, as occasion offered, he gave addresses on Peace, Worship, the Church, the Ministry, the Sabbath, the Condition and the Rights of Woman. He took part in the Sunday lectures at Amory Hall, Boston, which2 were a sort of adjourned Chardon-Street Convention, having among his colleagues R. W. Emerson,3 Adin Ballou, Charles A. Dana, and Mrs. Ernestine L. Rose. He spoke with Wendell Phillips before a legislative committee at4 the State House in favor of the abolition of the death penalty, and again at a special meeting in Boston in5 December. He was cheered by the memorable split in6 the Methodist denomination, on the question of episcopal slaveholding, when, in the language of Governor7 Hammond of South Carolina, the ‘patriotic Methodists of the8 South dissolved all connection with their brethren of the North’—a foreshadowing of the greater disunion in store for the two sections.

Towards the close of the year, the Garrison family was blessed with a girl,9 much longed for by her parents.

1 Lib. 14.170; Ms. Oct. 1, 1844, W. L. G. to H. C. Wright.

2 Lib. 14.19, 23, 27, 67.

3 This year witnessed a closer connection than hitherto between Emerson and the abolitionists. We read in Cabot's Memoirs of him (2: 430) the following extract from his Journal for 1844: ‘The haters of Garrison have lived to rejoice in that grand world movement which, every age or two, casts out so masterly an agent for good. I cannot speak of that gentleman without respect. I found him the other day in his dingy office.’ To which his editor adds: ‘He went to Garrison's office, perhaps, to concert for a meeting which the abolitionists held in the Concord Court-house on the 1st of August in this year (1844) to celebrate the anniversary of the liberation of the slaves in the British West Indies. Emerson delivered the address.’ See Lib. 14.127, 129, 146. No church was to be had for this humane service.

4 Lib. 14.23.

5 Lib. 15.3.

6 Lib. 14.58, 91, 94, 113, 125, 134.

7 J. M. Hammond.

8 Lib. 14.201.

9 Helen Frances Garrison, born Dec. 16, 1844, and named for her mother and paternal grandmother. ‘You know they have a little daughter,’ wrote Ann Phillips to Elizabeth Pease. ‘Garrison is tickled to death with it’ (Ms. Jan. (?), 1845). ‘We shall demand for her the rights of a human being, though she be a female,’ wrote the happy father to Mrs. Louisa Loring (Ms. Jan. 11, 1845).

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