Anti-Slavery Society at Kennett
, in August.
, the1 Anti-Slavery Bugle
was founded as the disunion organ of the Ohio
American Anti-Slavery Society.2
The levers of disunion ready to the hands of the Massachusetts
abolitionists were the recent expulsions of the3
State's delegates from South Carolina
, and the impending annexation of Texas
At the annual meeting just referred to, Wendell Phillips
resolves that the Governor
should demand of the Federal Executive
an enforcement of the Constitution
, and the maintenance of Mr. Hoar
's right to reside in Charleston
; in default of which the Legislature should authorize the Governor
to proclaim the Union
at an end, recall the Congressional delegation, and provide for the State
's foreign relations.
This was the logic of the situation.
So far as Massachusetts
(or any free State) was concerned, South Carolina
had dissolved the Union
: Federal rights were disregarded in her borders, the Federal
laws were subordinate or inoperative, Federal protection could have been exercised only by force and at the cost of a civil war. There could be no better occasion for weighing the value of the Union
, or for taking the initiative in peaceable separation as advocated by the abolitionists.
But no other class or party in the State
was equal to this simple and manly procedure.
's messages in5
regard to Messrs. Hoar
were unexceptionable in tone and temper, rhetorically considered; but they meant nothing and could effect nothing, since disunion was the only remedy.
The Legislature did, indeed, pass the equally unexceptionable joint resolves prepared by6 Charles Francis Adams
, suggesting retaliation with reference to South Carolina
; but no enactment followed, nor, notoriously, could any such have been sustained in the Federal
The same paralysis befell the political
opposition to the annexation of Texas
Governor and Legislature pledged7 Massachusetts
anew to the position that annexation would have no binding force on her. But how
would it have no