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[137] the possibility of annexation until it was done, and that then would be soon enough to take further measures. If they do this, it will be well; if not, the Convention will be a farce.

The anti-slavery spirit of the Convention was surprising. The Address and the speeches of the gentlemen, not abolitionists, were such as caused Garrison to be mobbed ten years ago, and such as we thought thorough three or four years ago. There were no qualifications, or excuses, or twaddle. What it is a sign of, I don't know, but it must be of good in some way. I send you a paper or two containing the account of the Convention. Garrison was received with more enthusiasm than any man, on his first appearance, and carried the house with him while he spoke, though they would not accept his proposition.

So Wendell Phillips, writing to Elizabeth Pease:

Well, Texas, you'll see, is coming in. We always said it would, and were laughed at. Garrison grew popular and was1 chosen a delegate to the Convention here, quite unanimously in his ward—made a great speech—created the most stir in the whole matter—was rapturously applauded. The fact is, there were many abolitionists in the body, and when men get together, however little they may desire to act themselves, they do relish strong talk.

So Charles Sumner, writing to Judge Story:2

The debates in the Convention were most interesting. I3 never heard Garrison before. He spoke with natural eloquence. Hillard spoke exquisitely. His words descended in a golden4 shower; but Garrison's fell in fiery rain. It seemed doubtful, at one time, if the abolitionists would not succeed in carrying the Convention. Their proposals were voted down; though a very respectable number of the Convention were in favor of a dissolution of the Union in the event of the annexation of Texas.

Mr. Garrison's share in the proceedings was effective in two particulars. He secured for the Convention a chance to criticise the address before it was issued, and he had the Committee of Correspondence enlarged so as to include members of the Democratic Party. His speech, delivered in the evening, was to second a motion made in the5 afternoon by the Rev. Joseph C. Lovejoy of Cambridge (a

1 Ms. Feb. 24, 1845.

2 Feb. 5, 1845.

3 Life of Sumner, 2.331.

4 G. S. Hillard.

5 Lib. 15.18.

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