ation of Texas
, repudiating disunion.
His counter measure was to enlarge the area of freedom—as if the South
did not provide for that by coupling the admission of a slave State with that of a free State.
Already, in February, Florida
had been thus admitted into the Union
, paired with1 Iowa
, in spite of the intense Northern feeling against more slave States aroused in the case of Texas
; in spite, too, of the Florida Constitution
making slavery perpetual,2
and authorizing the Legislature to forbid the landing of3
any colored seaman—the toleration of which by Congress was a virtual approval of the action of South Carolina
towards Mr. Hoar
Yet still Mr. Seward
contended— “We must resist unceasingly the admission of slave States, and demand the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia” Lib. 15.113.
; and he even dreamed, when one independent Congress had been elected, that the ‘internal slave-trade may be subjected to inquiry.
Amendments to the Constitution
will be initiated.’
Robert C. Winthrop
made his surrender on the Fourth of July, and in Faneuil Hall, toasting, in famous words, “Our country . . . however bounded; . . . to be cherished in all our hearts, to be defended by all our hands” Lib. 15.118.
—an abasement which accepted war with Mexico
, along with that spread of slave territory which he had hitherto strenuously opposed.
In the same hall of heroic memories the Whig
State Convention in October withdrew from the opposition, and left4
the Constitutional question to the Supreme Court of the United States
! Governor Slade
could no longer urge his State to take, unsupported, an unrelenting attitude, and sought comfort in the illusion that5
the entrance of Texas
into the Union
would make slavery a national institution as never before, and expose it to attack as such.
, accusing the Liberty Party6
(by its defeat of Clay
) of having procured annexation, hoped, or professed to hope, the consummation might yet be averted; as Charles Francis Adams
nothing further left, and disregarding the example of Florida
, vainly looked for some modification of the pro-slavery