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‘ [143] that is, to have no religious, no political Union with slaveholders. On this ground we stand ready to unite again with Whigs, Democrats, and Liberty men; but on nothing short of this can we see any utility in attempting to make effectual resistance to the encroachments of Slavery.’

Senate and House at Washington had, on the last day of1 February, 1845, agreed upon the joint resolution prescribing the terms of admission for Texas; Tyler sped the news2 with indecent haste, considering the nearness of his successor in office; the Mexican minister at the capital3 withdrew; the new President, Polk, made his disposition of forces by land and sea to deter Mexico from asserting in4 arms her claims to the territory of Texas, and at the same time began to negotiate for the purchase of California. When Congress assembled, the House was in no humor5 to entertain memorials against the admission of Texas, nor was John Quincy Adams disposed to struggle against a foregone conclusion. Stephen A. Douglas's resolution to admit Texas was promptly passed by a majority of five6 to two, and the Senate confirmed it (on Forefathers' Day)7 by a majority of nearly three to one. The year closed amid general despondency at the North in all anti-slavery breasts except those of the abolitionists. ‘Apparently,’8 wrote Mr. Garrison to Richard Webb, with reference to annexation, ‘the slaveholding power has never been so strong—has never seemed to be so invincible—has never held such complete mastery over the whole country—has never so successfully hurled defiance at the Eternal and Just One—as at the present time; and yet never has it in reality been so weak, never has it had so many uncompromising assailants, never has it been so filled with doubt and consternation, never has it been so near its downfall, as at this moment. Upon the face of it, this statement looks absurdly paradoxical; but it is true, nevertheless. We are groping in thick darkness; but it is that darkest hour which is said to precede the dawn of day.’9 And Edmund Quincy notified the same correspondent in

1 Lib. 15.18, 38, 39.

2 Mar. 3, 1845; Lib. 17.162.

3 Lib. 15.43, 54.

4 Lib. 15.197.

5 Lib. 15:[202].

6 Lib. 15.206.

7 Dec. 22, 1845; Lib. 16.2.

8 Ms. Mar. 1, 1845.

9 Ms. Mar. 29, 1845.

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