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[144] regard to Garrison—“He is in good spirits,. . . . as he always is, and as we all have a trick of being. Mrs. Follen says that when she wants to be put in spirits, she goes among the abolitionists, and there she is sure to find cheerfulness, wit, humor, and fun. And who should be cheerful and merry, in this country, except the abolitionists?” Eliza Lee Follen.

There can be no doubt that the acquisition of Texas hastened the overthrow of the Slave Power, by making it over-confident, by fostering dreams of an indefinite Southern expansion in case of separation from the North, by training the hot youth of the South to arms when Mexico was invaded and reduced—yet training not only Jefferson Davis, Lee, ‘StonewallJackson, the two Johnstons, and so many other future chiefs of the Confederate army, but also Grant, Thomas, Meade, Hancock, and their fellow-emancipationists of the Federal army; above all, by enlarging with the national domain the points of contact between free and slave institutions, involving fresh conflicts and compromises—perpetual irritation of the national sore.1 It also surely effected the division of the North into two political camps, by the open, shameless and final alliance of the Democratic Party with the Slave Power, for the sake of ‘an unchanging ascendancy’ in2 national politics. For some time yet the Whig label would not necessarily connote a supporter of slavery; but with the Democratic label it was otherwise. From 1845 it meant nothing but complete subserviency to the mandates of the Southern oligarchy.

True to his instincts as a universal reformer, Mr. Garrison had varied his anti-slavery discourse with speeches3 before legislative committees and before conventions or simple meetings against capital punishment; or in favor4 of temperance and peace; on the Sabbath and on public5 worship. His progress towards greater theological enlightenment

1 Thomas Corwin correctly predicted that, ‘in the event of a cession of territory by Mexico to the United States, the question of the further extension of slavery must arise in a form which would necessarily array the North and the South against each other,’ and ultimately lead to a dissolution of the Union (Letter of Sept. 23, 1847; Lib. 17: 169).

2 Lib. 15.42.

3 Lib. 15.27, 31, 84, 92, 158;

4 Lib. 15.43, 115, 176;

5 Lib. 15.47, 148.

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