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Chapter 6: third mission to England.—1846.

In response to an invitation from the Glasgow Emancipation Society, Garrison revisits great Britain to join in the antislavery crusade against the Free Church of Scotland, for its collusion with American slaveholders. He speaks, with Thompson and Douglass, incessantly throughout the United Kingdom and Ireland; attends the World's Temperance Convention; helps form an Anti-slavery League; and demolishes the pro-slavery Evangelical Alliance. He pays a last visit to Clarkson, who shortly dies.


At the annual meeting of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society on January 30, 1846, the following resolution, of Mr. Garrison's moving, was adopted:
That the special thanks of this Society are proffered to our untiring coadjutor, Henry C. Wright, for the fidelity with which he has unmasked the vaunted Free Church of Scotland for conniving at the great iniquity of American slavery, by soliciting and receiving its pecuniary assistance and religious cooperation; for all his labors abroad, to secure in aid of our anti-slavery enterprise the generous sympathies and Christian cooperation of the good and philanthropic in England and Europe; and, in particular, for the revelation which he has made to them as to the guilty compromises of the American Union—thus invoking their moral abhorrence of such an unholy compact, and securing their righteous testimony against it. Lib. 16.22.

The secession of the Free Church of Scotland from the Established Church was consummated in May, 1843. The grounds of separation involved the voluntary abandonment of State support for the ministers of the denomination, and made necessary the raising of a Sustentation Fund. Before the date in question, therefore, Dr. Chalmers had arranged for an ecumenical collection, of1 which the American contingent was not to be despised. Charleston, the cradle of lovers of freedom—‘in the abstract’—was very prompt to respond to this appeal. Seven different ‘Evangelical’ denominations begged the2 Rev. Thomas Smyth, D. D., to preach a sermon on it and pass the contribution box in his Presbyterian church,

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