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[154] the coup de grace. The disunion doctrine—political nonfellowship with American slaveholders—had been vigorously expounded by Henry C. Wright, and coupled with the burning and related doctrine of ecclesiastical non-fellowship; and a tract of his on the former subject was1 circulated by the thousand. The Free Church leaders, bent on retaining the American contributions, passed from general apologies for slaveholding to attacks on2 the Old Organization, and in especial on Wright and Garrison for their Sabbatarian heresies. On April 21, this phase of the controversy was dwelt upon by Mr. Wright at a great meeting of the Emancipation Society at the City Hall in Glasgow; and George Thompson, after paying a most sincere and feeling tribute to his transatlantic3 friend, offered on behalf of the Society a resolution of sympathy with Mr. Garrison and his co-workers, and an invitation to come over and help the cause in Great Britain—with particular reference to an anti-slavery conference to be held in London in August. These proceedings were published in the Liberator of May 29.

The proposal was very tempting. The opening year had found Mr. Garrison in poor health and much pecuniary embarrassment arising from the financial condition of the Liberator. Generous friends could and did gratefully relieve the one;4 and all knew the truth of what Wendell Phillips expressed in writing to Mrs. Garrison of5 her husband: ‘I think his health needs, every few years, that he should throw completely off the burden of the paper.’ On the other hand, the country was now plunged in the Mexican War; never had there been a more signal occasion for impressing upon the popular conscience the

1 Lib. 16.35, 69.

2 Lib. 15.1, 75, 81; 16.73, 85, 102.

3 Lib. 16.86, 87.

4 Mss. Jan. 1, 1846, W. L. G. to Mrs. Louisa Loring; Jan. 6, Ann and Wendell Phillips to W. L. G. and wife; Jan. 12, W. L. G. to F. Jackson; Jan. 21, S. Philbrick to W. L. G. Mr. Phillips wrote: ‘I owe you, dear Garrison, more than you would let me express, and, my mother and wife excepted, more than to any other one. Since within the sphere of your influence, I trust I have lived a better man. I rejoice to say this here, because the very intimacy of our relation has always made me delicate of saying it in public, though I am glad to feel that most men know it to be true.’

5 Ms. July 22, 1846.

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