Among other friendships cemented in Bristol on this3 visit was that with Mary Carpenter, the philanthropic daughter of the Rev. Lant Carpenter, famous in English Unitarian annals. To mingle much with this denomination abroad was a novel experience for Mr. Garrison. On September 10, 1846, he wrote to his wife: “Unitarianism is as odious in this country as ‘infidelity’ is in ours; but, thus far, those who have most zealously espoused my mission have been the Unitarians.” Ms.4
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4 To S. J. May Mr. Garrison wrote from Boston on Dec. 19, 1846 (Ms.): ‘I am under great obligations to Francis Bishop, William James, H. Solly, Philip Carpenter, George Harris, and other Unitarian clergymen, and have formed for them a strong personal friendship, which they appear heartily to reciprocate. By a letter just received from my dear friend Bishop, he informs me that, since I left, his wife has given birth to a daughter, whom they have named Caroline Garrison Bishop. This is an indication of their personal regard for me. James Martineau was absent from Liverpool when I was there, and I did not see him. I was told that he is considerably prejudiced against the true anti-slavery band in this country, and sympathizes with such men as Drs. [Orville] Dewey and [Francis] Parkman. I meant to have visited Harriet [Martineau], at Ambleside, before my return; but she left for Egypt a few days before I sailed, and I missed the coveted opportunity. I saw her mother and sister at Newcastle [Lib. 16: 187].’ As to the second of the American divines here mentioned, the Rev. Samuel May, jr., wrote to Mary Carpenter on July 15, 1851 (Ms.): ‘Years ago, Dr. Parkman declared to me, and others, that “no resolution, or action of any kind, about slavery, should ever go forth from the American Unitarian Association.” None ever has. He has carried his point and made good his word, and the Unitarian Association is a lifeless, soulless thing, having but a name to live.’
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