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[247]

And at the same Convention two days afterwards, in1 Faneuil Hall, Wendell Phillips pointed to the platform crowded with ‘fugitives from the Church and State of America,’ including Henry Box Brown and William and Ellen Craft;2 and, amid great applause, said of the former: ‘We say in behalf of this man, whom God3 created, and whom law-abiding Webster and Winthrop4 swore should find no shelter on the soil of Massachusetts —we say that they may make their little motions, and pass their little laws, in Washington, but that Faneuil Hall Repeals them, in the name of the humanity of Massachusetts.’

All this, with much more, as we have said, belongs to the general historian of the cause. Our main concern must be an incident personal to the subject of this biography, while yet of national interest and importance. In July, the Rev. Theobald Mathew, of world-wide fame as ‘The Apostle of Temperance,’ landed in New York, ostensibly in the prosecution of his mission, but also not5 without hope of bettering his pecuniary condition beyond the ‘paltry pension’ he received from England. Being6 an Irish Catholic, the importance of making political capital out of him, especially by the Whigs, who had no7 hold on the Irish vote, was not overlooked. President Taylor invited him to be his guest at the White House,8 and everywhere official receptions were tendered him of the most flattering character. Having administered the pledge of total abstinence to some twenty thousand persons in New York and Brooklyn, he first journeyed eastward, and arrived in Boston on July 24. A barouche9 and four horses and a municipal committee awaited him

1 May 31, 1849.

2 Two of the most daring and romantic escapes in the annals of slavery. Brown embarked from Virginia in a box (which nearly proved his coffin) as merchandise, shipped to Philadelphia, being the precursor of many less fortunate, if not less heroic, in this hazard of liberty or death (Lib. 19: 62; Still's “Underground Railroad,” p. 81). Ellen Craft, being almost white, disguised herself in male attire as an invalid seeking medical treatment at the North, with her darker husband as her negro ‘boy.’ They thus travelled openly by first-class conveyances from Georgia to Philadelphia (Still, p. 368).

3 Lib. 19.90.

4 D. Webster. R. C. Winthrop.

5 Lib. 19.111.

6 Lib. 19.194.

7 Lib. 19.145.

8 Lib. 19.115.

9 Lib. 19.119.

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