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[269] and features seemed to be in constant motion. His appearance was neat, attractive, and gentlemanly; but I saw him from such a distance that I could not discern his particular features. The great astronomer Arago,1 who has mingled very much in politics, and who is an extreme liberal, sat by his side. On the opposite side of the house was Lamartine,—a tall, thin man, looking like a poet, of whom I had but an imperfect view; also Berryer,2 the eloquent Carlist, with his blue coat buttoned high up in his neck, and his burly face full of blood and passion. The members of the Chamber sat with their hats off, and generally preserved a respectful deportment; but they interrupted the speaker at pleasure, with notes of admiration or dissent, to as great an extent, I should think, as in the English parliament. The Chamber did not rise till six o'clock.

March 13. To-day, through the kindness of M. Pierron, a deputy of some distinction on the Liberal side, I had a seat in the reserved tribune. M. Montalivet,3 the Minister for the Interior,—a man celebrated in the Revolution of July,—commenced from the tribune a reply to the attacks which had been made upon the ministry. A scene occurred which will probably be quite memorable. The speaker was interrupted in his speech several times by members of the opposition; and finally, all at once, became ill, nearly fainted and fell in the tribune, from which he was led by several of the huissiers, who were near at hand. All the ministry and many of the deputies followed him into the antechamber, and the House was thrown into a great deal of confusion. It was very soon adjourned. After this went to view the Palais de laElysee Bourbon,—the palace which Murat with his wife, the sister of Bonaparte, occupied and adorned, and in which Bonaparte spent the last days of his reign. I was shown the chamber in which he slept, and in which he made his last abdication. This morning I called, with Mr. Ticknor, on the Duc de Broglie,4 the late prime-minister of France. He is emphatically a gentleman,—his manners smooth and even, without any thing particularly striking, and yet calculated to inspire respect. He is,


1 Dominique Francois Arago, 1786-1853. The astronomer was through his long career a faithful partisan of liberty. He refused, after Louis Napoleon's coup daetat, to take the oath of allegiance. He is buried at Pere La Chaise, and his monument is conspicuous to the visitor not far from the principal entrance.

2 Pierre Antoine Berryer, 1790-1868. From his participation, with his father, in the defence of Marshal Ney, in 1815, until his death, he was associated with the most celebrated causes, civil and political. He was a steadfast adherent of the Legitimist cause and its foremost champion in the Chamber of Deputies. Sumner met M. Berryer in social life on his visit to Paris in 1857.

3 The Comte de Montalivet, son of a French statesman, was born at Valence, April 25 1801, and is now living. He bore a part in the Revolution of 1830, and was devoted to the Orleans family. He was, for some years, in the cabinet of Louis Philippe, as Minister of Public Instruction or of the Interior.

4 1785-1870. He descended from an ancient family of Piedmontese origin, and married the only daughter of Madame de Stael. His honorable efforts for the abolition of slavery deserve commemoration. In politics he affiliated with Guizot. He was for a time, under Louis Philippe, Minister of Public Instruction or of Foreign Affairs. His son Albert, born in 1821, has had a conspicuous place in recent French history.

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