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[282] the great sculptor, the author of the piece in front of the Pantheon, and of many of the statues which have been lately erected in France. He has just completed a statue of Riquet,1 the engineer who, in the time of Louis XIV., started the idea of the canal of Languedoc. I spent a long time in his atelier, during which the great artist was kind enough to show me the casts of his principal works. The statue of Riquet is colossal; it was just completed in the clay, and was to be modelled in marble by another hand. In one part of his atelier a workman was engaged on the statue of Cuvier: it was thus that I witnessed a practical illustration of what I had heard, that great artists confine themselves to modelling, leaving the heavy working in marble to other hands. David is a great Republican. He talked much about Republicanism; and to his views on this subject I was doubtless indebted for some of the cordiality with which I was received. Dined with Mr. Wilks at Passy, the residence of Benjamin Franklin; find Wilks a striking illustration of the literary Swiss, who lets his pen out for hire to any side that will pay well; formerly the vigorous correspondent of the ‘Morning Chronicle,’ and now that of the ‘Standard,’ and writing for ‘Tait’ and ‘Frazer’ at the same time.

April 7. Had a treat to-day at the Cour de Cassation. A very important case was to come on, involving a question of French constitutional law, in which Dupin, the Procureur-General and President of the Deputies, was to speak. I was in the queue at the entree of the avocats for half an hour before the door opened. While there, a gentleman and lady approached; the gentleman was tall and rather loosely put together,—not unlike, in this particular, Henry Clay. I looked at him for one moment, and at once knew him to be Lord Brougham, who is now in Paris, from the resemblance to the caricatures, though all these are immensely exaggerated. He inquired for the office of M. Dupin, and subsequently entered the court in his company, and had a chair by his side. I watched him during the whole sitting; he appeared much at his ease, first putting one leg across the other and then changing; gaping, and talking with his neighbor. After the first counsel had concluded, there was a recess of five minutes, during which Brougham left his seat, and came among the spectators to talk with a Frenchman whom he recognized. He appeared to talk right and left, without any consciousness that people were watching and observing. His motion and step reminded me of Judge Story's, as also did his animated voice and manner. The cause that was argued was very important. M. Laborde, on one side, made what I thought a very beautiful speech,—animated, flowing, French. He used a brief, which appeared to contain the quotations only which he made; I think the whole argument had been written out and committed to memory. Dupin was dry and quiet in his delivery, having his whole argument written out, and reading it without pretending to look off his paper.2 He appeared here, as in the Chamber of Deputies, vulgar. The room in which the Cour de Cassation met was quite rich. The judges, as I counted them, were fifteen.

1 Pierre Paul Riquet, 1604-1680. He was the engineer as well as projector of the canal.

2 Sumner wrote to Judge Story, April 21, that ‘Dupin, the first lawyer of France, is not equal to Webster.’

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