subside; and all, with liberal eye, seek private interest in the common weal.
did not become actively interested in politics till 1803, near the close of Mr. Jefferson
's first administration.1
The antagonism between the Federal party, which opposed Mr. Jefferson
, and the Republican
or Democratic party, which sustained him, was at its height.
The Federalists, as a minority, had departed from the traditions of Washington
's administration, and to a great degree had become the partisans of State sovereignty and a New England
These notions repelled the sympathies of many who had borne their name, and led to the secession of John Quincy Adams
from the party.
's first political address was delivered at Milton
, March 5, 1804.
It was a plea for the integrity of the Union
, for a common love of all its sections, for faith in popular government, and for confidence in the national administration, and in Mr. Jefferson
, its head.
The young orator said:—
And has it come to this, that the Union must be dissolved?
Because a particular set of men cannot engross the government, must there be no government at all?
Shall party attachments supersede national allegiance?
Shall State jealousies be summoned from the dead to overthrow the magnificent structure of the Union, which we have fondly hoped to see founded on their tomb?
On July 4, 1808, he delivered an address in the Third Baptist Meeting-house in Boston
It was an earnest defence of Mr. Jefferson
's administration, and a protest against any national alliance with England
, which the Federal party was charged with favoring.
It rebuked, with great emphasis, sectional jealousies:—
There is, indeed, no diversity of interest between the people of the North and the people of the South; and they are no friends to either who endeavor to stimulate and embitter the one against the other.
What if the sons of Massachusetts rank high on the roll of Revolutionary fame?
The wisdom and heroism for which they have been distinguished will never permit them to indulge an inglorious boast.
The independence and liberty we possess are the result of “joint councils and joint efforts, of common dangers, sufferings, ”