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[68] of spires in the city, and ‘the vast number of canal and steamboats.’ At seven A. M. he left by the steamboat, and was landed at Catskill in three hours. The rain and bad condition of the road prevented a walk to the mountain, and in the afternoon he took the stage,—the first time he had travelled on a coach since he left home,—and arrived after dark at the Catskill House,— the passengers all walking for the last three miles, and reaching an elevation ‘about three thousand feet above the level of the Hudson.’ The next morning (31st) he ‘arose before sunrise, in order to have a view from such a height.’ The prospect was soon overclouded, and a storm set in. Disappointed, he took the coach, which ran in connection with the boat. ‘My excursion to the mountain has been almost entirely fruitless. Of the two great objects of coming,—the prospects and the falls,—the former I saw very little of, and of the latter nothing. So that all I have gained is to say I have been on the Catskill Mountain, and seen the clouds at my feet.’ Taking the steamer at ten A. M., he arrived in four hours at West Point,—a distance of seventy or eighty miles. ‘The scenery before reaching West Point is sublime, consisting of rough cliffs and mountains.’ Here he presented to Colonel Sylvanus Thayer, then commanding at this military station and academy, his father's letter of introduction. This letter, dated July 14, 1829, contains the following:—

About twenty years ago, it was my happiness to have some conversation with you in Boston. . . . I am desirous that my son, Charles Sumner, the bearer of this, should have the honor of touching your hand. His own reading and my conversation have taught him to respect you. He is about to commence a pedestrian tour from Boston to the Springs, to view the battlegrounds of Bennington and Saratoga, and on his way home by the steamboat to touch at West Point. He is a student at Harvard College, and sets out with two of his classmates, one of whom, Mr. Frost, will probably accompany him to West Point. I request you, if convenient and consistent with your regulations, to let these young men have a foothold on your ground during the few hours they may be inclined to stay. It was once my son's wish to become a member of your institution; but I perceived it to be a hopeless undertaking to procure his admission, and he must now content himself with barely taking a transient view of that of which he once had a desire to make a part. He is now a tall stripling, somewhat deficient in strength and consistency. Had he been under your orders for the three years past that he has spent under merely literary men, he would, perhaps, now have been as strong as a soldier of Bonaparte on the bridge of Lodi.

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