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[157] violence. He began the same year to read the ‘Liberator;’ and it was the first paper for which he subscribed.1

Sumner's personal relations with Rev. Dr. William E. Channing were formed as early as this period, probably beginning with an introduction by George Gibbs, a nephew of Dr. Channing. The doctor, who always took a great interest in young men, was attracted to Sumner by the commendation of Judge Story, his college classmate (the class of 1798); and he had occasion to be grateful for Sumner's kindness and good sense in relieving a young kinsman from a personal difficulty. Sumner's thoughts and aspirations were doubtless much affected by his association with Dr. Channing at this time.2 To this reformer, to his character, his great arguments for freedom,3 and his moral inspiration, the world will ever pay deserved homage; and Sumner's tribute to his memory glows with the grateful enthusiasm of one who in youth had sat at his feet.4

The correspondence between Sumner and his college classmates had now almost entirely ceased. With new associations and divergent tastes they had drifted apart. There was no want of kindly recollection, nor, when they met, of hearty sympathy; but the student days, which had been the common topics of their correspondence, had receded into the past. His correspondents were now chiefly law reporters and writers for law magazines, of whom most were contributors to the ‘Jurist.’ Among them were Richard Peters, Charles S. Daveis,5 John Appleton,6

1 He wrote April 9, 1850: ‘I have read the “Liberator” more or less since 1835. It was the first paper I ever subscribed for.’ Wendell Phillips, in a speech of Jan. 27, 1853, said: ‘My old and valued friend, Mr. Sumner, often boasts that he was a reader of the “Liberator” before I was.’ Speeches, Lectures, and Letters of Wendell Phillips, p. 135.

2 In Sept. 1842, Sumner wrote to his brother George then in Europe: ‘I know the latter [Dr. Channing] intimately, and my admiration of him grows constantly. When I was younger than I am now, I was presumptuous enough to question his power. I did not find in him the forms of logical discussion, and the close, continuous chain of reasoning,— and I complained. I am glad that I am wise enough to see him in a different light.’ In October, 1842, he wrote in relation to Dr. Channing's death: ‘He has been my friend, and I may almost say my idol, for nearly ten years. For this period I have enjoyed his confidence in no common way.’

3 Dr. Channing's book on ‘Slavery’ was published in 1835.

4 Oration before the Phi Beta Kappa Society, Aug. 27, 1846,— ‘The Philanthropist.’ Works. Vol. I. pp. 284-298.

5 Mr. Daveis, of Portland, Maine, who was a friend of Sumner's father, was learned in equity and admiralty law. On his return from the Hague, where he went in 1830 to assist in preparing the case of the United States against Great Britain, involving the north-east boundary dispute, then pending before an arbitrator, he formed in England relations of friendship with some eminent persons, among them Earl Fitzwilliam. He died March 29, 1865, aged seventy-six. A sketch of his life may be found in the Memorials of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati, of which he was a member. He was very fond of Sumner, and took a great interest in his career.

6 The

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