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[96] event, urged Charles not to allow it to affect his plans of travelling, or to speed his return. The character of his father has already been given,—just, but severe and rigid. Felton wrote, in relation to his death: ‘President Quincy spoke of his character as a high-minded and honorable man in the most energetic terms; and that is the character which all ascribe to him.’ Charles reverenced his father's uprightness and fidelity to his convictions, and through life referred to him always in terms of filial respect. He had no undutiful conduct to recall. He had observed, in boyhood and in manhood, all the obligations of a son. ‘You were a good son,’ wrote Lieber, in a letter of condolence. Cleveland, who knew all the circumstances of his life at home, wrote: ‘That your duty to him was fully done, must now be a source of infinite satisfaction.’ But this narrative would be incomplete, if it said no more of this relation of father and son. The father's rigid nature imposed an iron rule at home, which bore heavily on the elder sons. Charles chafed under it; and after he was himself emancipated, and had taken lodgings away from home, he sympathized with his brothers and sisters whom he left behind. When he went to Europe, he besought from his father a milder regime for the younger children; and, indeed, a somewhat milder one followed the next year. The intervention, however, was not kindly received; and from that time a single letter from Charles was all that passed between the two. This feature of Sumner's early life was not a transient grief only. The want of a genuine sympathy between father and son leaves a void in one's being, which time and new relations never fill. While abroad, and for years after his return, he referred— though with no unfilial reproaches—to this unhappy experience of his youth, in words which showed how profoundly he had felt it. This was his first domestic calamity; but it was not to be his last!

At Florence, Sumner became much interested in Horatio Greenough, who was then at work on his ‘Washington’ and ‘Rescue,’ both now placed—the latter a group—at the east front of the National Capitol. Sumner was greatly impressed with Greenough's intellectual power, as well as his genius in his art, and much enjoyed his society. Greenough, answering a letter in which Sumner, after leaving Florence, made some suggestions as to the ‘Washington,’ wrote, Nov. 16, 1839:—

I look upon your advice respecting the accessory ornaments of my chair as having been most well-timed and fortunate for me,—not that I think the

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