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[25] riders,—though the fate of Twysden has been latterly unknown.1 In the winter the court opens at ten o'clock; and they continue sitting till between four and five,—often till seven. Between one and two, they leave the bench and retire to their room, where they eat a sandwich and drink a glass of wine from a phial; this takes five or ten minutes only. The judges have not separate seats, as with us; but all sit on one long, red-cushioned seat,—which may with propriety be called the bench, in contradistinction to the chair, which is the seat of a professor. I shall begin with the common law, and, of course, with the Queen's Bench.

You know Lord Denman2 intellectually better than I; but you do not know his person, his voice, his manner, his tone,—all every inch the judge. He sits the admired impersonation of the law. He is tall and well-made, with a justice—like countenance: his voice and the gravity of his manner, and the generous feeling with which he castigates every thing departing from the strictest line of right conduct, remind me of Greenleaf more than of any other man I have ever known. I wish you could have listened to Lord D., as I did on the circuit, when he sentenced some of the vicious and profligate wretches brought before him. His noble indignation at crime showed itself so naturally and simply that all our bosoms were warmed by it; and I think his words must have gone like iron into even the stony hearts of the prisoners. And yet I have seen this constitutional warmth find vent on occasions when it should have been restrained: it was directed against the Attorney-General,3 who was pressing for delay in a certain matter with a pertinacity rather peculiar to him. Lord D. has, to a remarkable degree, the respect of the bar; though they very generally agree that he is quite an ordinary lawyer. He is honest as the stars, and is willing to be guided by the superior legal learning of Patteson. In conversation he is gentle and


1 Lord Shaftesbury, as Lord Chancellor in 1673, undertook to restore the judicial cavalcade, and went mounted from the Strand to Westminster Hall. Judge Twysden, having more gravity than equestrian skill, fell from his horse on the route. He declared that no Lord Chancellor should ever make him mount on horseback again. Campbell's ‘Lives of the Lord Chancellors,’ Vol. IV. pp. 174, 175.

2 Thomas Denman, 1779-1854, ante, Vol. I. p. 330. He was taught as a child by Mrs. Barbauld; studied at Cambridge; entered Parliament in 1818; was counsel with Brougham for Queen Caroline; became Attorney-General in 1830, and Lord Chief-Justice of the Queen's Bench in 1832; was created a peer, in 1834, with the title of Baron Denman. He resigned his office of Chief-Justice in 1850. His love of humanity was a conspicuous feature of his public life. In Parliament he was a determined opponent of slavery and the slave trade. His appointment as Chief-Justice was promoted by Brougham. ‘Life of Lord Denman,’ Vol. I. p. 318; Brougham's ‘Autobiography,’ Vol. III. p. 220. He invited Sumner to a dinner at Guildhall, and several times welcomed him at his own house in Portland Place. He wrote to Mr. Justice Coleridge, in Oct., 1841: ‘Did Patteson tell you that Story had sent me, through Sumner, a complete approbation of our proceedings in re Stockdale?—the more valuable because he is entirely opposed to a decision of ours of much less importance,—Devaux v. Salvador [a marine insurance case]. I was not aware of his having sent us any work of his; but in answer to Sumner's question, how he could best repay English hospitality, I said: “Come again, and bring Story.” ’—‘Life of Lord Denman,’ Vol. II. p. 88. See Lord Denman's letter to Sumner in Story's ‘Life,’ Vol. II. p. 379.

3 Campbell.

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