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[142] of no common character to encounter. That she may go through them in peace I fervently hope.

Although while in England his associations and friendships had no limitation of party or sect, he found his affinities on political and social questions among the Austins, Parkes, Grote, Mill, Molesworth, Senior, and others of their school. These were the political freethinkers of their time,—drawing their inspirations from Jeremy Bentham. Their fearlessness in speculations on the problems of society and government harmonized with tne natural tendency of Sumner's mind. While the favorits pupil of Story and Greenleaf, he was yet at no time of their strongly conservative type of thought; and he returned from Europe more than ever a doctrinaire.


To George S. Hillard, Boston.

London, March 18, 1840.
dear Hillard,—Which will reach you first, this scrawl or the writer? This will go by the ‘South American’ which sails from Liverpool the nineteenth. I am booked for the ‘Mediator’ which sails from London the twenty-sixth, from Portsmouth the twenty-ninth: it is at the latter place that I embark. London is more mighty, magnificent, and fascinating than ever. I use strong words, but I have now seen something of the great cities of the world, and to London above all others do these words belong. Nowhere have I seen such signs of wealth, power, and various refinement. It is to me now much more wonderful than when I approached it before. But I must leave all this; and if I do not force myself away, I shall not be able to go. I find opportunities of seeing all that is worth seeing in rank, fashion, law, and literature, if possible more open than before. But I have determined not to take advantage of these. I shall see only a few of my friends. But I am already (after twenty-four hours presence) nailed for to-morrow to see the Duchess of Sutherland in her magnificent palace;1 for the next day to dine with Parkes to meet Charles Austin; the next to breakfast with Sutton Sharpe (his capital breakfasts!) to meet some of my friends of the Chancery bar; then to dine with the Earl of Carlisle;2 and the next day

1 Stafford House, St. James's.

2 George, sixth Earl of Carlisle, 1773 1848. Lady Carlisle, daughter of the fifth Duke of Devonshire, died in 1858. The Earl was succeeded on his death by his eldest son,—Sumner's friend, Lord Morpeth. Sumner met Lady Carlisle at Castle Howard, in Oct. 1857.

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