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[224]

Sept. 16.—Lieber is still here. He likes Mary very much, and has been to see her often.

Horace has commenced as a farmer. He is with Mr. Ripley,1 eight miles from Boston. He picks tomatoes, cucumbers, beans, upsets a barrel of potatoes, cleans away chips, studies agriculture, rakes hay in a meadow, and is pleased with his instructors and associates.

Ever and ever yours,

Charles.

To Dr. Lieber, then in New York, he wrote, Sept. 5, 1842:—

I cannot approve of Adams's course on the tariff, and against John Tyler.2 I think he has been governed by the lower part of his nature. His report was clever and striking in its composition and argument, but violent, uncandid, and wrong-headed. Is not this a good deal for me to say, where Adams is in question? So peace smiles upon us! Lord Ashburton has left with all manner of gratulations on his head. The correspondence, so far as I have seen it, is delightful: it is better, for my palate, than the choicest wine. Nobody ever wrote despatches like Webster. This is owing to his large head! I can see that large head, like an immense battering-ram, behind every sentence he writes.

To Lord Morpeth, Kingston.

Boston, Sept. 6, 1842.
my dear Morpeth,—Lord Ashburton3 regretted that he could not communicate with you. He could have offered you a passage in the ‘Warspite.’ I fear from what I hear that concessions have been made by Lord Ashburton on the ‘Creole’ matter which, however agreeable to the South, will hardly satisfy Lord Palmerston. I understand that Lord Ashburton engages, for his government, that the local law of the West Indies shall not in future be applied to American slaves in certain cases.4 I shall have the whole correspondence this evening, and will let you know how this stands. You


1 George Ripley, of the Brook Farm Association.

2 Memoirs of John Quincy Adams, Vol. XI. pp. 233-239.

3 Sumner met him while he was in Boston.

4 Lord Ashburton engaged that instructions should be given against officious interference with American vessels driven by accident or violence into British ports on the southern borders of the United States, and that there should not be any further inquisition into the state of persons and things on board than might be indispensable to enforce the observance of the municipal law of the colony and the proper regulation of its harbors and waters. ‘Webster's Works,’ Vol. VI. p. 316. Mr. Jacob Harvey, in a letter to Sumner, Sept. 16, 1842, gives an explanation of this clause of Lord Ashburton's letter: ‘Situated as he was, he was obliged to say something. There was more difficulty in arranging that matter than any other part of the negotiations. Many personal interviews took place before any thing was written. Calhoun met Lord Ashburton very often, and conversed freely on the peculiar views of the South. He finally came out warmly for the treaty, and no doubt influenced some Democratic votes.’

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