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[378] I am anxious that you should read me carefully throughout. You will see that I have presented the subject in some new lights. All my friends here except Lieber agree with me.

And again, Sept. 30, 1845:—

I am sorry that I have not yet sent you copies of my oration. I presume you received a newspaper, which contained an abstract of it. The edition of the City Printer was the largest ever made of a Fourth of July oration. This has been exhausted; and another of three thousand copies is, I believe, nearly gone. It is vehemently praised and vehemently condemned. I receive newspapers which express these extremes. After you have read it carefully, I shall like to know your judgment. I hardly venture to count upon your assent.

And again, Nov. 1, 1845:—

My oration still provokes censure and praise,—strong censure and strong praise. I see, by the papers this morning, there is a pamphlet against it, and newspapers arrive with articles. I hardly hope for your concurrence, though I think you will agree in much that I have said.

To Richard Rathbone, Liverpool.

Boston, Feb. 28, 1846.
my dear Sir,—I have been touched more than I can tell by your kind appreciation of my oration delivered on the Fourth of July, and feel proud that you and your associates thought it worthy of circulation in England. It was an earnest appeal for peace on an anniversary of war, in the presence of the military of the town and neighborhood; and I cannot but rejoice in every effort to extend its influence. I am too happy in the fresh impulse which you have imparted to it to care whether it is published as a whole or not. Let it go wherever the friends of peace think it can be of service,—in extracts or in any other form, according to their judgment.

I beg you to present my respectful compliments to your Committee, and to lay before them my gratitude for the words of kindness which they have expressed through you.

The cause of peace among the nations seems to me the highest care which can occupy the minds of all the well-wishers of their race. Nor do I perceive any way of dealing with the pauperism of Europe, with any chance of mitigating it, except by an abandonment of the military establishments, and an appropriation of the enormous means, thus released, to purposes of beneficence.

You will be happy to hear that the omens are now for peace in my country. The war spirit has talked itself hoarse and feeble; and the conscience of the nation is awaking. It is probable that there will be a compromise on the forty-ninth parallel running to the Straits of Fuca, and then with the


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