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1 The change of opinion among divines and moralists is well shown by comparing the editions of Wayland's ‘Moral Science.’ In all but the last there is a chapter earnestly setting forth the moral and religious argument against war, and coming to the conclusion that ‘hence it would seem that all wars are contrary to the revealed will of God, and that the individual has no right to commit to society, nor society to commit to government, the power to declare war.’ But in the last edition, published in 1865, just after the suppression of the Rebellion, and completed one month preceding his death, the author substituted a much briefer discussion of the question; and maintained, contrary to the view his treatise had taught for thirty years, the duty, in extreme cases of national aggression, to repel force by force. It is worthy of note, in this connection, that formerly greater prominence was given, in discussions concerning the taking of human life judicially or in war, to certain texts of Scripture than is common at this day, when the argument is put rather on the general spirit and scheme of Christianity and considerations of public necessity.
2 Works, Vol. II. pp. 171-277.
3 Works, Vol. II. pp. 393-397.
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