previous next
[382] President Pierce, and recommended that the mediation of the United States be offered in the impending Crimean War. The last summer of his life he sent a note of congratulation to Henry Richard, M. P., who had succeeded in carrying through the House of Commons a motion in favor of Arbitration. As showing his fidelity to the substance of his oration, it is given in this connection.

United States Senate Chamber, Washington, July 10, 1873.
my dear Sir,—Few events have given me more pleasure than the vote on your motion. I thank you for making the motion, and I thank you also for not yielding to Mr. Gladstone's request to withdraw it. You were in the very position of Buxton on his motion against Slavery. He, too, insisted upon a division; and that vote led to Emancipation. May you have equal success! I anticipate much from this vote. It will draw attention on the Continent, which the facts and figures of your speech will confirm. I find in your speech grand compensation for the long postponement to which you have been constrained. It marks an epoch in a great cause. I know you will not rest.

But this speech alone, with the signal result, will make your Parliamentary life historic. Surely, Mr. Gladstone acted under some imagined exigency of politics. He cannot, in his soul, differ from you. Honoring him much, I regret that he has allowed himself to appear on the wrong side. What fame so great as his, if he would devote the just influence of his lofty position to securing for nations the inappreciable benefits of a Tribunal for the settlement of their differences!

How absurd to call your motion Utopian, if by this word is meant that it is not practical! There is no question so supremely practical; for it concerns not merely one nation, but every nation: and even its discussion promises to diminish the terrible chances of war. Its triumph would be the greatest reform of history. And I doubt not that this day is near.

Accept my thanks and congratulations, and believe me, my dear sir,

Sincerely yours,

And as a final testimony to his faith in the cause which was ever dear to his heart, he directed by his Will as follows:—

I bequeath to the President and Fellows of Harvard College one thousand dollars in trust, for an annual prize to the best dissertation by any student of the College, or any of its schools, undergraduate or graduate, on Universal Peace and the methods by which war may be permanently superseded. I do this in the hope of drawing the attention of students to the practicability of organizing peace among nations which I sincerely believe may be done. I cannot doubt that the same modes of decision which now prevail between individuals, between towns, and between smaller communities, may be extended to nations.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Sort places alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a place to search for it in this document.
United States (United States) (1)

Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Gladstone (2)
Charles Sumner (1)
Henry Richard (1)
Pierce (1)
Buxton (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
July 10th, 1873 AD (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: