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1 Morgan's testimony, Congressional Globe, p. 1357; Toombs's, p. 1356; Gorman's, p. 1354. Morgan testified: ‘I do not think he could have given them with greater force. I think he was exerting himself to the full extent of his power.’ To one witness, Sutton (p. 1363), it sounded like ‘a sharp crack.’ Toombs testified: ‘They were very rapid, and as hard as he [Brooks] could hit. They were hard licks. and very effective.’ Gorman testified: ‘Mr. Brooks continued to strike very rapidly, and with a great deal of severity.’
3 Sumner's testimony, Congressional Globe, p. 1353; J. S. Pike in New York Tribune, May 23; W. S. Thayer in ‘Evening Post,’ May 23. Sumner, though an advocate of international peace, was a full believer in the right of self-defence. Works, vol. IV. p. 333.
4 Governor Gorman, a Democrat, testified: ‘The very first blow Mr. Sumner rose and attempted to defend himself with a great deal of vigor, putting his hands forward to get at Mr. Brooks, as I thought.’ (Congressional Globe, p. 1:354.) Pearce, senator, saw Sumner clutching at the cane or at Brooks. (Globe, p. 1354.) Brooks is said to have admitted that Sumner tried to defend himself. W. S. Thayer in New York Evening Post, May 26.
6 Foster's testimony, Congressional Globe, p. 1356; Winslow's, p. 1361; Murray's, p. 1357; Simonton's, p. 1361. The statement was made at the time that as Sumner instinctively raised his arm on the side he was struck, Brooks, following the method of sword practice, struck on the other, and with such alternating blows had no obstruction in the way. (W. S. Thayer in the ‘Evening Post,’ May 28.) Iverson, colleague of Tombs, testified: ‘When Mr. Sumner would attempt to reach him he would recede, and at the same time strike over his arms and at his head.’
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