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[484] part of vindicator of the Senate and of the functions of juries and judges; but the speech abounded in compliments to the Southern party, even recognizing their ‘chivalry,’ which were sadly out of place at such a time. Butler was again on his feet, talking at random as before.1

For the first three days Sumner seemed to be doing well, and his speedy recovery was expected by himself and his friends. He expressed a desire to go to the Senate on Friday, the day after the assault; but he was persuaded not to do so, as well as not to attend on Saturday the Circuit Court of the District, where, without his privity, a complaint had been made against Brooks.2 Dr. Marshal S. Perry, of Boston. who happened to arrive just then in Washington, being called in as a friend, saw him first on Monday morning, when all appeared well except ‘a pulpy feeling’ on the right side of the head. Giddings, calling on Tuesday, found him sitting in his chair, with little or no fever and a natural countenance. He conversed cheerfully, and insisted that he should resume his seat in a few days,—a desire which weighed on his mind. A reaction set in that day. His skin became very hot, his pulse rose to one hundred, and even one hundred and three, and he was feverish and sleepless during the night, with a violent pain in the back of the head.3 The next morning he had a high fever, pulse 104, intense pain in the head; his eyes were suffused, and he was extremely nervous and excited; the scalp above the right ear was inflamed, with the appearance of erysipelas. This inflammation extended to the glands of the neck, which were ‘swollen and tender to the touch.’ The wound on the right side of the lead, which Dr. Boyle had closed over the day before with collodion, had suppurated, and being opened, a tablespoonful of pus was discharged, and the patient was relieved from the extreme suffering of the night. As he was very much exhausted, opiates were

1 Evans of South Carolina had spoken the day before, chiefly in defence of slavery and South Carolina. Congressional Globe, App. p. 702.

2 Seward. calling on Sunday, was not allowed by the physician to see Sumner. Seward's ‘Life,’ vol. II. p 273.

3 Wilson's speech, June 13, Congressional Globe, p. 1309, with Dr. H. Lindsly's letter; Giddings's speech, July 11, App. p. 1119; Buffinton's testimony, Globe, p. 1363, Dr. Boyle's, p. 1:64; Dr. Perry's, p. 1364; Dr. Perry's statement in Boston Surgical and Medical Journal, Works, vol. IV. p. .38. Sumner was always grateful to Dr. Perry, and said to the writer a few weeks later that under God he owed his life to Dr. Perry and a good constitution. This good physician died in Boston, Nov. 19, 1859, at the age of fifty-four.

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