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[506] much discouraged. For a week I prospered here, but I have just had two wretched days, which have put me back about where I was when I came here. I would give much to be again in the Senate, with strength restored, that I might expose anew the crime.

To Phillips (addressing him ‘my dear Wendell’), July 24:1

I long again for my place in the Senate, where I was struck down, to arraign anew the crime which I before arraigned, and to show, which I did not do before, its logical, harmonious, and entire dependence upon a slaveholding civilization. Of course, I can make no allusion to my assailant. His act belongs to the history of the country, where it will be judged without any word from me. I cannot close without letting you know how joyfully and tearfully I read your most beautiful spontaneous utterance at that first meeting in Boston. Few speeches equally felicitous have ever been made; but beyond even its felicity I felt its warm, prompt pulsations, and the completeness of its defence against those cavillers who, true to the instincts of their petty souls, began at once to ransack my language to find in its alleged extravagance some apology for an act which was beyond all apology. Whenever in any speech or article I have noticed regrets for the language I deemed it my duty to use, I invariably discarded what followed as being the forced offering of the hour and not of the heart. Please let Mr. Garrison know that I was much touched by his resolution and speech.

Without any sensible improvement he left the seaside, August 3, for a change of air, and became the guest and patient of Dr. R. M. Jackson at Cresson, in the Allegheny Mountains.2 Wilson, after conferring with Seward and other Republican senators, advised him not to return to Washington during the session, which lasted till the middle of August.

At the mountains the former symptoms clung to him, weakness generally, pallor of countenance, a tottering gait, wakeful nights, a sense of weight on the brain, and a dull throbbing pain in the head, indications of coming paralysis; ‘the entire chain of symptoms soon pointing to the head and spine as the seat of a highly morbid condition.’3 Though quickly prostrated by attempts at walking, He was able to take daily rides on horseback. Among friendly visitors to Cresson were Rev. Dr. Furness,

1 This letter was dictated.

2 New York Evening Post, August 4 and 16. Works, vol. IV. pp. 329, 338, 339, 340, where the reports of Drs. Wister and Jackson are found.

3 Dr. Jackson's letter to Wilson, Boston ‘Telegraph,’ Sept. 24, 1856, printed in Sumner's Works, vol. IV. pp. 340-342. Other accounts were given by Mrs. Swisshelm in the New York Tribune, August 28, and by Rev. Dr. Furness, by letter of August 18, in the Boston Transcript. August 20. Theodore Parker wrote George Sumner, August 12: ‘It seems to me his condition is very critical and perilous. I have never thought he would recover.’ Seward wrote, August 17: ‘Sumner is contending with death in the mountains of Pennsylvania.’ Seward's ‘Life,’ vol. II. p. 287.

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