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[516] hastened to express in authentic form the voice of the State in approval of its senator. The House, voting viva voce, gave Sumner three hundred and thirty-three votes to twelve for all others, of which three were for Winthrop, two for N. J. Lord, and seven for as many other persons. The Senate gave Sumner every vote. An election so unanimous, at a period of great political heat and controversy, is without parallel in the United States. The public journals of the country contrasted the incidents of Sumner's two elections,—the last one unanimous and prompt, the first after a long contest and a close final vote, when his chief support was a band of Free Soilers, and when he entered the Senate with only two to co-operate with him.1 He accepted the office in a letter, which was entered on the journal of the House.2

Many congratulations came to him on his re-election. Seward wrote, January 10: ‘The telegraph announces your majestic success, and it makes us proud of Massachusetts and hopeful for the cause . . . . Come here when your good physicians permit; only rest at ease until they shall consent.’3 R. H. Dana, Jr., wrote, January 15: ‘No one can say now that you have not a constituency behind you. Where is there a senator who holds by such a tenure? The day has come we have all hoped and labored for,—the day of something like unanimity in New England.’ Wilson wrote, January 19: ‘What a change here since you took your seat in 1851! And what a change in our State since 1851, when you were elected by one majority! Your case is an illustration of the progress of our cause in the country. . . . How hopeful it is! All we have to do now is to labor on in faith of ultimate success.’

During the summer Sumner flattered himself at times that he was nearly restored, and so assured others; but such hopes were soon darkened by relapses. As the autumn wore away without any certain progress, his most thoughtful friends, while clinging to hope, began to have serious apprehensions that his injury was permanent, or at the best they felt that a long

1 Works, vol. IV. pp. 392, 393; Chicago Tribune, January 15 (leader written by E. L. Pierce). Longfellow wrote in his diary: ‘There is no mistaking the meaning of such a vote.’ The Boston ‘Daily Courier,’ then edited by George Lunt, was an exception among Northern journals, making constant thrusts at Sumner.

2 Works, vol. IV. pp. 394-397.

3 Sumner's reply is printed in Seward's ‘Life,’ vol. II. p. 296, in which he said truly, ‘What has been done has been the utterance of the State, without a hint from me.’

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