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[518] that of your own restoration. You will, of course, be re-elected. Why not let the present session go, and take a trip somewhere out of sight and as far as possible out of recollection of disturbing and exciting causes?

Mrs. Seward wrote from Washington, December 8:—

He [Mr. Seward] says I must tell you that, though he would be very glad to have you here, he thinks it better that you remain away until your physician thinks you may come safely; that just at this tine there is little to be done, and no circumstances would justify your endangering a permanent restoration.1

Wilson wrote from the Senate, Jan. 6, 1857:—

I think our friends here feel that you ought not to return unless you are well; that you had better take time and get well before you take your seat. Would it not be better to give up all idea of coming back at this session, so that it will be understood by all that you will not be here till December next?

It was feared at the time that he might, from unwillingness to leave his seat vacant, resign it; but many protests came against any such movement. John A. Andrew wrote, December 18: ‘I hope that nothing will induce you to resign the senatorship, even for a week. Sit in your seat if you can. If you can't, let it be vacant; that is my idea about the case.’

Sumner went to Washington very late in the session, which was to end March 4, 1857. He passed the night in Philadelphia with the family of Mr. Furness, and arrived in Washington Wednesday evening, February 25.2 He was the next day at two o'clock in the afternoon in his seat, which had been vacant since May 22. He was greeted warmly by the Republican senators; but the Democratic senators were observed to pass him without recognition. Finding himself too weak to remain in his scat, he returned shortly to his lodgings, leaving directions to be called for any vote on the tariff bill. He came again at nine in the evening, and remained at the Capitol till two in the morning, voting several times on the bill, and saving it on two votes;3 but otherwise than on this bill he took no part in the proceedings.

Sumner's sole object in going to Washington at this time was

1 Seward wrote, December 10; ‘Sumner has gone away for a month with a broken heart, because he cannot work. What a sad thing! How much fortitude he requires!’ Seward's ‘Life,’ vol. II. p. 330.

2 New York Tribune, February 27, March 5.

3 One of Sumner's letters states that he saved it on three votes.

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