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Chapter 41: search for health.—journey to Europe.—continued disability.—1857-1858.

Sumner's journey from New York to Paris was by the same route which he traversed by sailing vessel and stage-coach nineteen years before.1 Reaching Paris by way of Havre and Rouen, March 23, he found there American and English friends to welcome him,—among the former T. G. Appleton, Mr.Emerson and Mrs. George B. Emerson, and Madame Laugel; and among the latter, Nassau W. Senior. His first friendly office was a search for Crawford the artist, then facing death; and it was to be their last meeting. His time was well occupied in visiting points of interest, driving with friends, attending the opera, and in interviews with distinguished Frenchmen. Michel Chevalier, whose acquaintance he made during his earlier visit, was assiduous in his attentions; so also was Senior, who was in intimate association with the literary and public men of France, and took pleasure in bringing Sumner into relations with them. He enjoyed Tocqueville's conversations on European politics, and was greatly attracted by the liberal thought of Comte de Montalembert, both sympathetic with his own views on slavery. He had interesting interviews with Guizot, Lamartine, Drouyn de Lhuys, and the historian Mignet. He wrote from Paris to Dr. Howe, April 23:—

It is now a month since I wrote you from the British Channel. In this interval I have had many experiences, mostly pleasant. My tine is intensely occupied. Besides making acquaintances here, and seeing the world more than any other American at this time, I am visiting the museums and other objects of interest most systematically. But I am sometimes troubled to find how little I can bear now, compared with that insensibility to fatigue which I had once, even a year ago. My whole system is still morbidly sensitive, and after a walk which would have been pastime once, I drag my legs along with difficulty. Add to this a terrific cold,—they call it la grippe here,—which I have had for three weeks, and which has compelled me to keep the house

1 The condition of his health during the voyage is described in the New York Tribune, April 11, 13.

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