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[535] the bureaus. Went to De Tocqueville's on invitation; found him as usual amiable and interesting, and full of feeling against slavery. He was unwilling that France should be judged by the writings of George Sand, whose morality he condemned. I met there a granddaughter of Lafayette, Mademoiselle de Corcelle,1 and her father, who was French Minister at Rome at the time of the difficulties.

April 15. Breakfasted at eleven o'clock with Mr. Senior, where were M. Guizot, M. Remusat, M. de Tocqueville, De Corcelle, Lord Granville, De Circourt, etc. I had never met Guizot before. His appearance is prepossessing, and his conversation eloquent. The question was asked which of the foreign accents of persons speaking French was least agreeable to Frenchmen. Guizot said at once the German; and the others joined in this, except Remusat, who said the Spanish. Guizot mentioned that Louis Philippe judged a man's ability by the languages he spoke; that the king spoke all the different dialects of the Italian. He expressed to me very kindly his sympathy in my position and his opposition to slavery. I left this company early, in order to keep an appointment with the Comte de Moutalembert,2 at his house in the Rue du Bac. He spoke English with perfect ease and very little accent. He deplored the present state of things in France, and was astonished that his country could humble herself so much. But he did not profess to read the future. He thought that Louis Napoleon would degrade royalty throughout Europe, and hasten its extinction. He was astonished at the extent to which he was favored by the English, even by the Liberals. Formerly, while Louis Napoleon was a member of the Assembly, the Count had been on familiar terms with him, and had recognized the power of his position; but he did not anticipate that he would get so far. Then he constantly avowed faith in his star. The Count thought him a man of courage. Of course the Count was against slavery. In the evening dined with M. and Madame Laugel; Senior was there, and our talk was in English. Afterwards company came, among whom was M. Élie de Beaumont.3 He spoke of Dr. Charles T. Jackson4 of Boston as having made “la belle decouverte de petherisation.” To this I said nothing.5 Dr. Evans was here, the Philadelphia dentist, who sees everybody. He speaks of the emperor in the warmest terms of admiration, and describes him as laborious and happy,—beginning the day with a cold bath, and meeting his wife with a kiss.

April 16. This morning called on M. Guizot, who had previously, through M. Vattemare, expressed a desire to receive me. I found him in a small and simple room, of which the walls were covered with books, except where there were three portraits and one medallion. The latter was of Casimir Perier; and one of the portraits was of Lord Aberdeen, both personal friends; the other two portraits were of Washington and Hamilton. He remarked that no people at its cradle had been surrounded by men of so high a character as those in our Revolution and at the formation of the Constitution. He

1 Afterwards the wife of the Marquis de Chambrun (1831-1891), who lived in Washington for many years.

2 1810-1870.

3 1798-1874.

4 1805-1880.

5 Sumner considered Dr. W. T. G. Morton to have a better title to the honor.

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