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[536] lamented the mediocrity which he found now in France. Among the very young there was talent; but among those between twenty-five and forty there was an absolute want of all remarkable talent. This was the case, he understood, also at the bar. Alluding to the studies of Mr. Bancroft and Mr. Sparks in the department of foreign affairs, he thought the latter had puise; the most.

Returned the call of Sir Robert Dallas. Went to M. Vattemare, who accompanied me to the Imprimerie Imperiale, where spent some time, and also to several other places in that legion of Paris; dined with Mr. Henry James,1 who is here wit his family; then went to Lamartine, who was in bed with a severe rheumatism; his English wife, tall and thin, but refined in person, came to receive me. She expressed much disappointment that her husband's book had not found subscribers in America. The committee organized to procure subscribers had not subscribed themselves.

April 17. Visited the sculptures of the Louvre to-day, and enjoyed those of the Renaissance as historical, and two or three antiques as beautiful, particularly the Diana de la Biche, which has always seemed to me one of the most agreeable remains of ancient art, and also the Venus Victrix. From the Louvre drove to make visits. Dined with Appleton; went with him and Miss Hensler to the Varietes, where we enjoyed several small pieces which made us laugh.

April 18. Visited the Archives Imperiales, and passed several hours. Here I gained a new idea not only of the system which is now applied to the preservation of archives in France, but also which must have superintended them for centuries. Here is a wonderful accumulation of authentic materials, beautifully preserved and arranged, illustrating the history of the country. From this visit, which I enjoyed very much, I rambled through the narrow old streets of Paris as long as my legs would bear me. Unhappily, I am still sensitive to fatigue. In the evening went first to Lady Elgin's; she is aged, but still interesting. Next to the reception of Countess Circourt; then to that of the Duchess de Rauzan,2 where I met M. Berryer,3 who did not hesitate to express the shame he felt in the existing state of things. He said that they were no longer free in France; that his career was finished; that press and Parliament were both gone. He looked like his pictures, with his black coat buttoned close across his breast almost up to his neck.

April 19. Went to the reception of Michel Chevalier; from there with Mr. Senior to the reception of M. Drouyn de Lhuys,4 formerly Minister of Foreign Affairs. Among my morning visits was one to M. Guerolt,5 a Republican friend of George, who spoke freely about the state of things here. One thing is certain,—nobody believes in the present dynasty.

April 20. Called on M. Drouyn de Lhuys; sat with him in his cabinet

1 Of Boston (1811-1882.) American writer on social and philosophical subjects; father of the novelist.

2 This was an acquaintance made probably through the Circourts. The duchess gathered distinguished people in her salon. Sumner was there again at a reception in May, 1859.

3 The eminent advocate, 1790-1868.

4 1805-1881.

5 Adolph Guerolt, 1810-1872, a St. Simonist, journalist, and deputy.

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