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[576] seat at the front.1 He was present also at the lectures of Maudot on Spanish literature, and of Germain on Roman history. He was an habitual visitor at the Municipal Library, where almost daily he read for some hours French authors, being at this time specially interested in Rousseau. His curiosity, always keen for books with a pedigree, was gratified in discovering here the entire library of Alfieri, which had found its way to Montpellier through Fabre, a French artist, a native and benefactor of the city, who had succeeded the Italian poet as the lover of the Countess of Albany. French was Sumner's language in this retreat, except in conversation with the elder Gordon.

Sumner made some excursions in the neighborhood,—one with the younger Gordon to Nimes, and another with Professor Martins to Aigues Mortes; a walled city most interesting for its archaeology, in which his companions was an expert,2—its fortifications constructed by Louis IX. and his son Philip the Bold, now removed from the sea, but six centuries ago the port from which St. Louis sailed on his first crusade. He was seized, as the professor recalled, with veritable enthusiasm, in the presence of such relics of mediaeval history, saying as he stood on the ramparts, ‘We have none of this in our country.’ His zeal in this exploration in company with his learned guide brought on exhaustion, which compelled quiet for some days; and Dr. Brown-Sequard, on a report from Dr. Crouzet, enjoined greater caution for the future.

Another day was occupied with an excursion, in company with Professor Martins, to Calvisson, a small town ten miles southwest of Nimes, where they were received by M. Theodore Abauzit, a Protestant pastor3 who was educating a number of girls

1 For descriptions of Sumner's life at Montpellier see his letters, Jan. 24 and 25, 1859, printed in Longfellow's ‘Life,’ vol. III. pp. 55-59. M. Abauzit, who met Sumner at Montpellier, writes: ‘Mr. Sumner read all the memoirs and correspondence relating to the eighteenth century, particularly the letters of D'Alembert, Diderot, La Harpe, and Grimm. He exhausted, I believe, the public library of the town. He was also delighted with the “Tableau de la Litterature du XVIII ieme Siele du Villemain,” which I had recommended to him.’

2 Professor Martins published in 1875 an account of ‘Aigues Mortes, son passe, son present, son avenir.’

3 His mother was English. He went with Sumner and Martins to Aigues Mortes. Sumner had a pleasant acquaintance at Montpellier with another Protestant pastor, M. Tellisier, of Bordeaux. In a letter to John Jay, March 4. 1859. He describes Abauzit as ‘a Protestant clergyman of a beautiful nature and remarkable accomplishments, living in the greatest retirement, with a flock of two thousand peasants, cultivating English and German letters, and speaking these two languages as well as French; of a family famous in the history of Protestantism, compelled to flee at the revocation of the edict of Nantes, finding then a refuge in Switzerland; one of his ancestors selected as an arbiter between Newton. And Leibnitz, and honored by a most remarkable tribute from Rousseau in a note to the “Nonvelle Heloise.” ’ M. Abauzit was a Wesleyan Methodist: and Sumner wrote to Mr. Jay, asking him to send to the pastor documents on the position of the denomination in the United States concerning the slavery question, to enable him to prepare an appeal to them from their brethren in France.

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