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[593] were too disgusting. ... How painful is much of the news from home! Violence, vulgarity, degrading practices and sentiments,—these come on every wind. But surely there must be a change. I hear of Hillard here, but see him not. God bless you!

On his way from Paris, Sumner stopped at Amiens to see the cathedral; and passing the night in Lille was in London October 10, where he took lodgings again at Maurigy's, Regent Street. Society had left the metropolis, and during the rest of the month he passed his time at the British Museum, and in collecting old books and manuscripts; making visits for the day or for a night to friends living in the country, within easy distance from the city; and his last days in England were passed at seats in the North. He gave this summary in a letter from Liverpool, November 5, to Mr. Gordon:—

Perhaps it will interest you to know how I have passed my last days in England,—thanks to that generous hospitality of which I have enjoyed so much. Here it is: Seven days in London at the British Museum; a day with the poet-laureate Tennyson at the Isle of Wight;1 two days with Lord Stanhope at Chevening Park, where I slept in the room which was occupied for three years by Lord Chatham; one day at Argyll Lodge with the duke, where I met Gladstone; one day with Dr. Lushington at Ockham Park in Surrey; one day with my countryman Motley, the historian of the Dutch commonwealth, at Walton-on-Thames; one day with Lord Clarendon at the Grove; one day with Lord Spencer2 at Althorp; one day with Lord Belper at Kingston Hall; one day with Lord Hatherton at Teddesley Park;3 and here I am4. . . . Mr. Gladstone was full of hope for Italy. Lord Clarendon was very pleasant and gay.

Shirley Brooks,5 sending him a souvenir, wrote, October 23:

Let it serve as a memorandum of a pleasant meeting,—to me an honor. I do not use the term of compliment. The mode in which I have spoken of you in various newspapers with which I am connected, at and after the time your name came prominently before English readers as that of the champion of a noble cause, may witness for me. With hope that your European

1 The Duchess of Argyll wrote, July 23, 1863: ‘Tennyson always remembers your visit with pleasure.’

2 Born in 1835; twice lord lieutenant of Ireland. Soon after returning home, Sumner sent Lord Spencer a quantity of blue-grass seed to be sown on his estate. From Althorp he visited Brington, the ancestral home of the Washingtons; and a year later he received from the earl copies of the Washington memorial stones, and gave them to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. They were placed in the State House. He gave a full account of the stones in a letter to Jared Sparks, Nov. 22, 1860. Works, vol. v. pp. 357-368.

3 Mr. Senior and his daughter (afterwards Mrs. Simpson) were fellow guests at Kingston Hall and Teddesley Park.

4 He was obliged to decline the invitation of Lord Wensleydale to visit him at Ampthill Park.

5 (1816-1874.) Connected with ‘Punch,’ as contributor or editor, from 1851 till his death.

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