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Sumner prepared in the autumn, as a lyceum lecture, a tribute to Lafayette, in which, with a view to arrest a tendency to compromise which he foresaw was at hand, he brought into prominence Lafayette's constant testimony against American slavery, and his fidelity to liberty from youth to age. It contains eloquent passages, and the whole is marked by a cadence and resonance of style, and a sympathy with noble lives, which recall his earlier commemoration of Channing and Story.1 It was delivered once before the election in Boston October 1, and after the election at Concord, where he was Emerson's guest, and also at Providence and Lowell; and on each of these three occasions he was waited upon after his return from the hall by companies of ‘Wide-Awakes,’ to whom he replied with counsels for moderation in victory, and also for firm resistance to menaces of disunion.2

Leaving home for Washington November 27, Sumner stopped in New York to repeat his lecture at Cooper Institute, where, with Mr. Bryant in the chair, it was received with the same favor as his address in the summer at the same place.3 Near the end of December, during the recess of Congress, he repeated it in Philadelphlia.4 It was his first public appearance in that city, and nothing could exceed his welcome as expressed in a packed house and most enthusiastic reception.

Among pleasant incidents of the summer and autumn were visits for the day to Mr.Adams and Mrs. Adams at Quincy, and a visit to John M. Forbes at Naushon. Sumner took part in the festivities in honor of the Prince of Wales, who was in Boston in October, being present at the collation at the State House, a musical jubilee at the Music Hall, and a reception at Harvard College, and also being selected by General Bruce as one of the party to accompany the prince to Portland on his day of sailing.5

1 1 Works, vol. v. p. 369-429. The lecture was printed at New York in pamphlet from a reporter's notes, without the author's revision. It was rewritten and repeated in 1870 at many places in the Western as well as Eastern States.

2 Works, vol. v. pp. 344-347, 350-356. The lecture was repeated the same autumn at other places,—as Foxborough and Woonsocket, R. I., and New Haven, Conn.

3 The passage which held up Lafayette as steadfast against compromise was greeted with nine cheers. Weed's ‘Life,’ vol. II. p. 308.

4 After accepting the invitation, he refused to appear in consequence of a caution from the managers to avoid the slavery question ‘in the present excited state of the public mind’ but he reconsidered his refusal on the caution being withdrawn. (Works, vol. v. pp. 430-432.) A special police force was on hand to prevent disturbance.

5 Sumner contributed articles to the Boston Transcript, October 15 and 16, on the Duke of Kent's visit to Boston in 1794, and on the Prince of Wales and his suite.

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