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[48] when Mr. Adams undertook the editorship of the ‘Whig,’ in 1846. For the next two years they appear to have been almost in daily conference. From that time until the winter of 1860– 1861 they were in very friendly relations of social and political intercourse. Sumner often dined at Mr. Adams's in Mt. Vernon Street, or took supper with him on Saturday or Sunday evenings, and also visited him at Quincy. Their association in the early period from 1846 to 1848 had, it is fair to presume, a salutary influence on Sumner, giving a more practical direction to his aims, and tempering his disposition to overlook, in his zeal for noble causes, the limitations imposed by existing opinions and prejudices, which the reformer, if he would succeed, must take into account.

With Edward Everett, Sumner had a pleasant association and correspondence from his youth till Mr. Everett's death.1 Differing in elements of character and in political action, their relations were always cordial, and at times confidential. They had points of sympathy in common English friends, and interchanged the letters received from them, and transmitted books as presents to them in the same parcels. Sumner welcomed Mr. Everett's accession to the Presidency of Harvard College, and warmly approved his inaugural address; and Mr. Everett offered Sumner the use of his house for the day of the latter's Phi Beta Kappa address. The interests of the college were a subject of correspondence between them. Mr. Everett confided to Sumner his distaste for his duties at Cambridge almost as soon as he undertook them, comparing himself to ‘a constable’ and ‘a justice of a police court,’ although nominally the head of a great literary institution. Mr. Everett grave unstinted praise to the spirit and general character of Sumner's college and lyceum addresses, while using a friend's privilege to state, from his conservative point of view, a dissent from Sumner's treatment of the great political question of the time. Receiving the gift of Sumner's two volumes of orations, in 1850, he answered: ‘Their contents, most of which were well known to me already, are among the most finished productions of their class in our language,—in any language. I am sure they will be read and admired as long as anything English or American is remembered.’ When colleagues in the Senate, in 1854, though divided politically, they were in

1 Mr. Everett, when Governor, had been kindly and considerate in his treatment of Sumner's father. Ante, vol. i. pp. 21, 29.

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