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[49] friendly relations; and during the Civil War Sumner advised President Lincoln to appoint Mr. Everett minister to France.

Antagonisms growing out of the antislavery agitation severed Sumner's relations with society in Boston in the period 1846– 1850, as will be explained elsewhere, but his visits to Longfellow were kept up with the same frequency as before. The latter's poems and prose works were read to him in manuscript or proof. It was rare that on Sundays he did not visit the Craigie house at Cambridge, going thither by the omnibus from the morning service at King's Chapel. The poet wrote in his journal, Dec. 23, 1847, ‘Sunday is Sumner's day, and he came as usual;’1 and on March 9, 1851, He wrote, ‘A Sunday without a Sumner is an odd thing,—Domenica senza domine,—but; to-day we have had one.’ There he often met Felton, and also William Kent, who during his brief term as professor was one of the group. Hillard was casting in his lot with the stolid conservatism of Boston, and though friendly relations were continued, the strength of the old ties was being weakened. The ‘Five of Clubs’—one member lost by death and the others (except one) married—was now hardly more than a tradition. Dr. Howe, with the cares of his family and of the Blind Asylum, could rarely meet with them. Felton, in a note to Sumner written early in 1846, mourns even then that the club is dissolving, as its meetings are so infrequent, and begs Sumner and Howe to come to Cambridge and join Longfellow and himself in keeping it alive. Between Dr. Howe and Sumner there was now a close alliance in the causes of freedom and prison reform, where often the brunt of the conflict fell on them. Sumner's visits to his friend at the ‘Institution for the Blind’ at South Boston were constant.2 Dr. Howe's rooms were at the time the resort of many who were interested in the moral agitations of the period,3 and who found there not only ethical inspiration, but also, in the society of both sexes, wit, culture, and the love of art and music.

1 Some, but not all, of these visits are recorded in Longfellow's journal. ‘Life,’ vol. II, pp. 95, 101, 112, 115, 127, 130, 131, 133, 136, 146, 149, 150, 153, 158, 160, 162, 174, 175, 180, 186, 189, 191, 192, 193, 194, 199, 202, 204, 205, 206. The citations are from the first edition, ‘Final Memorials’ being cited as the third volume.

2 He was one of its trustees.

3 Palfrey's diary, Dec. 11, 1846, records his going to Dr. Howe's in the evening to meet John C. Vaughan, of Kentucky, where also were Sumner, Richard Hildreth, C. F. Adams, J. A. Andrew, and John W. Browne. Longfellow wrote in his diary, Nov. 16, 1849: ‘Dined at Howe's. A very pleasant dinner. Palfrey, Adams, Sumner, young Dana, all and several Free Soilers. I, a singer, came into the camp as Alfred among the Danes.’

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