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[65] apathy, and to create a soul under the ribs of slavery! God speed you in your course! You have always my best and warmest wishes; and whatever you do I shall know is done with sincerity and high purposes.

During the period of 1845-1851 Sumner was well remembered by his English and other foreign friends.1 Their letters, though written at perhaps longer intervals than before, were warm with testimonies of friendship and of interest in his career, ending with a vivid recollection of his former visit and the earnest desire that he would come again. They lamented with him the death of Story, adding their tributes to the memory of the jurist to whom some of them—Morpeth, Macready, and Falconer— had been introduced by him. They followed his career as a reformer in the public addresses which he sent them, and observed with satisfaction the good work he was doing,—some of them throwing in the caution that he must not expect an early realization of his hopes. When he was chosen to the Senate they congratulated him on the deserved honor, and recognized in the event the good fortune of his country. William Rathbone, of Liverpool, always a devoted friend from their first acquaintance, wrote to him often and at length upon the causes of peace, prison discipline, and the abolition of capital punishment, and sent him books and pamphlets, which were used in public discussions in Boston. Lord Morpeth, who became Earl of Carlisle in 1848, being averse to letter-writing, wrote seldom, but always, whenever he wrote, with the old affection. Monckton Milnes kept him informed of social interests and the doings of literary men.2 John Kenyon wrote of the same topics as Milnes, expressing also his affectionate regard and his admiration for what Sumner had done, which he valued for its intellectual and still more for its moral bearing. Robert Ingham's letters showed the same tenderness as in personal intercourse, and related what was interesting in English politics and the circles of lawyers and judges. Joseph Parkes, who retired in 1850 from active professional work, wrote also of politics and the Oregon boundary question,—the latter being a topic which Thomas Falconer, who had carefully investigated it, also treated in his letters. Other friends recurred to this international dispute, which promised at

1 Our three successive ministers to England—Everett, Bancroft, and Lawrence— assured him in letters of the kind remembrance which was expressed of him there.

2 Sumner in 1845 persuaded a Boston publisher to issue an edition of Milnes' poems, which came out late in that year.

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