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[106] which has already been noted again appeared. Wilson, afterwards Senator and Vice-President, carried through the House resolutions denouncing the purposes and methods of annexation and invoking resistance to the slave-power; but they failed in the Senate, chiefly by the opposition of members who were closely allied to the manufacturing interest. One of these, Mr. T. G. Cary, declared that Massachusetts must ‘submit,’ and cease passing antislavery resolutions. E. Rockwood Hoar replied with spirit, ‘It is as much the duty of Massachusetts to pass resolutions in favor of the rights of man as in the interests of cotton,’—a retort which led to the application of the name ‘Cotton Whigs’ to those who were opposed to the adoption of a distinctively antislavery policy by the Whig party.

The necessity of a journal by which the antislavery Whigs might reach the public was sorely felt at this time. The Whig press of Boston was wanting in spirit, indifferent to a great extent to the aggressions of slavery, and morbidly sensitive as to any action which might create disturbance within ‘the united Whig party.’ Mr. Adams said, thirty years later: ‘The tone of their newspapers was absolutely servile, and the spirit of opposition became completely hushed. A few of us, after consultation together, decided that we could not continue silent in This emergency. The chief difficulty was in finding any political organ that would express our sentiments as freely as we desired.’ Mr. Palfrey, then Secretary of the Commonwealth, called a conference at lobby No. 13 in the State House, which was held in May, 1846, and consisted of himself, Adams, Sumner, S. C. Phillips, and Wilson. The result was the purchase of a journal already existing with a slender support, and in June the Boston ‘Daily Whig’ under new auspices was issued, with Adams as editor.1

The offensive conduct of our government towards Mexico during the proceedings for the acquisition of Texas was continued after the act of annexation took effect. Though Texas asserted the Rio Grande as her western boundary, her dominion and her title did not extend beyond the Nueces. Nevertheless, President Polk, having already advanced our army to the Nueces and stationed our fleet in the Gulf, directed General

1 ‘Reunion of the Free-Soilers of 1848,’ Aug. 9, 1877, pp. 20, 21. Sumner, as appears by Palfrey's diary, attended, July 23, a meeting where Palfrey, Adams. S. C. Phillips, Wilson, and W. B. Spooner took counsel for maintaining the journal. Another meeting was held at Adams's office, September 5.

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