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[132] suffer all the wrongs which slavery can inflict. That outrage should rouse the citizens of Massachusetts and the Northern States to call for the abolition of that institution which has caused it.1

The meeting was further addressed by Stephen C. Phillips, Wendell Philips, Theodore Parker, C. F. Adams, and George 2. Emerson. Mr. Parker affirmed the supremacy of divine over human law, and his own allegiance to the former whenever it forbade what the latter enjoins. He and other speakers commented severely on the tone of submission to the aggressions of slavery which prevailed among the ruling classes of the State. The Ex-President withdrew from the chair as his son began to speak, and arrived home at a late hour, without suffering from the fatigue and exposure. Two months later he was smitten with paralysis; and although he resumed his seat in Congress the following February, he did not again appear before the people of Massachusetts. It was fitting that his last words in the famous hall, where in less than two years his remains were to lie in state, should be—spoken for freedom. The meeting, though distinguished in its first officer and attended by a large concourse of citizens, received little attention from the public journals, which dismissed it in a brief paragraph or with unfriendly comments3 It will be observed that the managers and speakers were either Abolitionists, or Whigs who had lost caste in the party on account of their radical opposition to slavery. The manufacturers, capitalists, and old politicians kept away; to them not even the name and sanction of the illustrious statesman who presided could make the occasion respectable. Pearson, in defending himself and his captain against the free use of his name by the speakers, said that what he had done was commended by the merchants of the city, and that ‘on 'Change’ five to one would, if inquired of, answer that they would do as he had done; and there is no reason to doubt his statement.4

A letter to Sumner written soon after the meeting shows the temper of society at the time. Rev. Andrews Norton, a learned

1 Boston Whig, September 24.

2 Boston Whig, September 24.

3 The ‘Atlas’ was brief and the ‘Advertiser’ cool. Sumner was a member of the committee appointed to issue an address and serve as a committee of vigilance to protect persons in danger of abduction. A pamphlet was issued containing the speeches at the meeting. the committee's address, and sympathetic letters from Gerrit Smith, R. W. Emerson, and William H. Seward. The address was probably prepared by Andrew, with touches from Sumner.

4 Pearson was the owner of the brig Acorn, which carried Sims, a fugitive slave, back to Savannah in April, 1851.

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