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[138] that lofty scorn which those who saw him on the platform well remember, and which may still be seen in the lineaments of his face as preserved in photograph and marble. But Sumner was stung by censure, and pleased with approval of himself or of what he had done; he was hurt by a familiar face turned away in displeasure, and parted from an old friend with a pang. It is to his credit that, sensitive as he was to praise and blame, he never swerved a hair's—breadth from duty to win the praise or escape the blame.1

Winthrop was chosen by a large majority, receiving 5,980 votes to 3,372 for all others,—his majority being enlarged by the accession of Democratic supporters. Dr. Howe's vote was 1,334, which included, besides his Whig vote, the support he received from the Liberty party men and the Native Americans. His candidacy drew from Winthrop hardly more than five hundred votes, and according to the Whig estimates not even that number. Notwithstanding the earnestness of Winthrop's opponents, they had as yet made but little impression on the party. The Whig votes which were cast for Dr. Howe did not, however, express the extent to which Winthrop's course was disapproved. Many who dissented from it hesitated to reject a regular nomination, particularly that of Winthrop, whose vote for the war bill they were disposed to condone in view of his accomplishments and eminent position as a Whig leader.

Sumner wrote to his brother George, Dec. 31, 1846:—

. . . You will see by the papers which I have sent you something of the part I have taken in public affairs. I do not know where your predilections would be, and yet I am persuaded that no party biases could render you insensible to the atrocious injustice of this war with Mexico. It is bad in every respect; it is without legal cause; it was unconstitutional in its inception; it is wasteful of life and treasure; it is demoralizing in its influence. As such it ought to be arrested at all hazards. Winthrop and a large portion of the Whigs were drawn to its support contrary to the principles of the party. In contending with the prevailing sentiment of Boston I have, of course, exposed myself to much asperity of feeling.

The affairs of our country are now in a deplorable condition. The Mexican War and slavery will derange all party calculations. The antislavery principle has acquired such force as to be felt by all politicians. In most of the free States it. will hold the balance between the two parties, so that neither can succeed without yielding to it in a greater or less degree. The

1 James Freeman Clarke observed that Sumner's love of approbation, strong as it was, never led him to disloyalty to his convictions. ‘Memorial and Biographical Sketches,’ p. 97.

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