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C. F. Adams joined with Sumner in defending Palfrey's refusal to unite with the Whig members in supporting Winthrop for Speaker. In a series of articles1 in his journal, the ‘Whig,’ he reviewed Winthrop's course concerning the war, pronouncing his vote for the war bill, and other votes, as the sanction of ‘a national falsehood,’ as ‘a sacrifice of the old pledges of Massachusetts,’ and as showing ‘an ambiguous and trimming policy;’ took exceptions to his speech of Jan. 8, 1847, as ‘feeble, irresolute, and unsatisfactory;’ deplored ‘his grievous errors as a politician,’ and maintained that his arrangement of the committees ‘showed the complete triumph of the compromising school of politicians to which he belonged.’ Adams had a sharp controversy with the junior editor of the ‘Atlas’ (William Schouler), who assumed Winthrop's defence, and who, though refusing to admit that he meant Adams, had evidently referred to him as the author of letters to members of Congress written for the purpose of defeating Winthrop's election as Speaker. Adams replied indignantly that the language of that editor ‘betrayed the cowardice of the hired assassin, and not the courage of the open murderer.’2 Adams's part in the discussion ended Feb. 21, 1848. On that day John Quincy Adams, while in his seat in the House, was stricken the second time with paralysis, and was taken to the Speaker's room, where he died two days later. Winthrop was devoted to the dying statesman, and Adams, moved by filial sentiments, but with unchanged judgment, retired from the controversy. Sumner, at his request, took temporary charge of the ‘Whig’ during February and till near the end of March,3 but in consonance with Adams's wishes refrained from comments upon Winthrop, and only recurred to the subject in printing a summary of Giddings's published statement concerning the Speaker.4 Adams withdrew from the paper early in April, and desired Sumner to be his successor; but the latter declined, as appears in a letter to Palfrey:—

1 1 Jan. 16, Dec. 15, 16, 18, 21, 1847: Jan. 5, 28, Feb. 1, 4, 5, 16, 18, 21, 1848. See also his letter in the Boston ‘Whig,’ Nov. 20, 1847. S. C. Phillips, under the signature of ‘A Massachusetts Whig,’ contributed a series of articles to the ‘Whig,’ taking the same view as Adams and Sumner. Dec. 29, 30, 31, 1847; Jan. 6, 8, 13, 1848.

2 Boston ‘Whig,’ Feb. 1, 1848. See correspondence between Adams and Schouler, ‘Whig,’ Nov. 20, 1847.

3 Leaders March 1, 9, 10, 16, and 23, 1848, bear intrinsic evidence of being written by Sumner.

4 March 18 and 22.

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