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[207] of the Compromise and the Fugitive Slave Act from Edward G. Loring, G. T. and B. R. Curtis.1

The demoralization was not confined to politics and the secular professions. George W. Blagden, Nehemiah Adams, and William M. Rogers, from Congregationalist (Trinitarian) pulpits, delivered sermons in favor of the Compromise and the Fugitive Slave law.2 Moses Stuart, the Andover theologian, defended slavery from the Bible in learned exegesis. Culture was often dissociated from humanity. The professors at Cambridge were indeed divided;3 but the activity there was on Webster's side. Felton was his partisan. Bowen, in the ‘North American Review,’ espoused his cause, and supported the Compromise. Theophilus Parsons and Joel Parker, the professors at the Law School, read lectures in defence of the Fugitive Slave law.4 Choate disregarded the proprieties of its anniversary meeting by an oration which was a plea for the Compromise and the surrender of fugitive slaves. The undergraduates, catching the spirit of the place, disturbed anti-Compromise meetings in Cambridge during addresses from Horace Mann and Ralph Waldo Emerson.5

While the Compromise was pending Winthrop was appointed senator in place of Webster, who on President Taylor's death took office as Secretary of State in Fillmore's Cabinet. The Webster Whigs carried in August with feeble dissent the nomination of Samuel A. Eliot as Winthrop's successor. The choice was made on the avowed ground of his earnestness in behalf of the Compromise. He was supported by the Whigs in a body, and received five times as many votes as Sumner, the Free Soil candidate.6

1 Two other leaders of the bar, conservative in position, gave the weight of their names against the law,—Charles G. Loring and Franklin Dexter; the former as counsel in the Sims' Case, and the latter by papers contributed to the ‘Atlas,’ October 29 and November 23, each maintaining that it was unconstitutional. There was even pressure brought to bear against Mr. Loring for his serving as counsel for a fugitive slave, to which he refers in a note to Sumner, April 24, 1851: ‘It is among the most humiliating indications of the times that the merely faithful discharge of a plain professional duty is made the subject of regret and reproach by the intellectual and intelligent, as well as by those who might not be expected to know better, thinking or feeling only as they are told to do.’

2 Rev. Orville Dewey, at Pittsfield, defended the Compromise; but his position was exceptional among the Unitarians.

3 Dr. Convers Francis and Longfellow were anti-Compromise. Longfellow's ‘Life,’ vol. II. p. 192.

4 The writer was a student of the school at the time, and sat restlessly during these lectures.

5 Longfellow's ‘Life,’ vol. II. p. 194; diary, May 14, 1851. The writer was present at both meetings.

6 The

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