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[235] members with a view to a representation in the national Senate, and upon this alone they insisted. The Democrats generally were content with this distribution, preferring the control of the State government; but they expressed the desire that a part of the State offices should be filled by Free Soilers. It was finally arranged, by the unanimous agreement of the two committees conferring for two days, that the Democrats should have the governor, lieutenant-governor, five of the nine councillors, the treasurer, and the senator for the unexpired term then held by Mr. Winthrop, being the few weeks remaining till the 4th of March, and that the Free Soilers should have the senator for the full term of six years from the 4th of March, and also the other State officers; and this arrangement was approved unanimously by the two parties. The candidates presented by either party were to be approved by the other; and this approval was unhesitatingly given, except in the case of the senator for the full term. The Free Soilers in caucus, January 7, nominated Sumner by a ballot in which he received eighty-four out of eighty-five votes. E. L. Keyes, giving figures slightly different, said, in a letter to him communicating the result ‘We have just taken the vote by ballot for senator, and you are the man. For Charles Sumner, 82; others, 0. We have sworn to stand by you; to sink or swim with you, at all hazards. If you shall fail us in any respect, may God forgive you! we never shall.’ When his name was presented to the Democratic caucus, some members appeared reluctant to approve it, fearing that participation in the election of so pronounced an opponent of slavery might compromise their position in the national party; and it was observed at the time that this class would have readily joined in the election of some less conspicuous Free Soiler, like Amasa Walker, John Mills, or Josiah G. Abbott. The caucus after some discussion agreed almost unanimously to abide by the decision of two thirds of those acting in it,—this being the favorite rule of Democratic national conventions; and in this vote Caleb Cushing, a member of the House, concurred. A vote by yeas and nays on written ballots resulted in fifty-eight for Sumner and twenty-seven against him; and his nomination was then ratified, with only five dissenting votes,1 and with no signs

1 The detailed account of the proceedings will be found in Wilson's two statements, published in the ‘Commonwealth,’ January 30 and February 18, the ‘Commonwealth's’ article of February 10, and a Democratic narrative, prepared by James S. Whitney of Conway, or Whiting Griswold of Greenfield, both of whom voted for Sumner.

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