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[252] contained no variation from the author's former avowals, and stated the doctrine which he and his party had always held.

Sumner did not take part in the autumn State election. It was an important one to him, as it involved an approval of his own election; but he naturally wished to keep quiet till he entered the Senate, and from motives of delicacy did not wish to be again pitted against Mr. Winthrop, now the Whig candidate for governor. The coalition again carried the State, though by a somewhat reduced majority; but the Democratic members who voted against Sumner were not re-elected. Boutwell was chosen governor by the Legislature over Winthrop. The result was treated as an approval of the political revolution of the preceding year.

To Longfellow, may 8:—

I cannot repress me delight in what I hear of Emerson's utterance at Concord. For an hour and a half he laid bare our evils and their author.1 I have more satisfaction in this voice on our side than in that of any politician. So little am I prepared for my new fellowship!

To John Jay, May 23:—

My aim, while attending to all the duties of my post, will be to do something to secure a hearing for our cause; and I wish in advance to bespeak the counsels of our friends, though I feel that in the last moment much must be left to my own personal discretion. As a stranger to the Senate and to all legislative bodies, I regard it to be my first duty to understand the body in which I have a seat before rushing into its contests.

To George Sumner, June 17:—

You ought to be a diplomatist. Another motive to me for discontent with my present position is the fear that I may stand in your way. It would be difficult for an Administration to appoint the brother of one so obnoxious as myself without pledges or explanations, which you could not stoop to give. If I were a private man, there would be no influence against you on this score.2

Again, June 24:—

In answer to your inquiries, let me say that there are signs of a contest in Massachusetts such as very rarely occurs. The bitterness of the Whigs is

1 Mr. Webster. This address of Mr. Emerson was not published; but he followed the same line of thought in his treatment of the Fugitive Slave law and Mr. Webster at the Tabernacle in New York, March 7, 1854. Emerson's Works, vol XI. pp. 205-230.

2 George Sumner did not sympathize with his brother's earnestness on the slavery and peace questions.

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