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[300] which he had come to the Senate for the purpose of making; read extracts from his speech in Faneuil Hall in 1850 (extracts which Mr. hale wittily said in reply were the best part of Badger's speech), and declared that only respect for the usages of the Senate prevented his applying ‘an appropriate epithet’ to its author. When interrupted by Sumner with an inquiry as to the authorities for a legal opinion of Judge Story he had cited, he replied that Story's authority was of ten thousand times more value than that of the senator from Massachusetts, ‘who will please to have the decency not to interrupt me.’ He intimated that association with the author of such a speech might not be hereafter agreeable to Southern senators,—a remark altogether misplaced, as Sumner had sought no introductions to them and had waited for them to approach him. The speech had been wholly impersonal, and these epithets and sneers and offensive suggestions provoked no retort from Sumner; but the time was to come when insolence would not escape so easily.

The ill-temper was, however, confined to Clemens and Badger. The senators from Virginia1 and South Carolina, usually the swiftest to defend slavery and to assail all who assailed it, remained silent. Rusk of Texas was the only other Southern senator who joined in the debate, and he only in a few words, which, though referring to the senator's ‘rhetorical flourishes,’ were neither unparliamentary nor uncivil.2 Three Democratic senators from New England—Bradbury, Toucey, and James—took occasion to express themselves against Sumner's amendment, or any disturbance of the Compromise measures; but they were entirely respectful to him. Dodge of Iowa insisted on the constitutionality of the law which ‘had been so eloquently and fiercely denounced,’ and said ‘it was lamentable to see gentlemen possessed of a high order of talents, of extensive and varied erudition, and who should from their knowledge and experience know much of men and things, engaged in riding this hobby to the extremes to which many of them are going in their grand crusade for liberty, equality, and fraternity,’ and trying ‘to introduce black-skinned, flat-nosed, and woolly-headed senators ’

1 Some years afterwards, during the Rebellion, Sumner, in a speech in the Senate, June 24, 1864, recurred to Hunter's fair conduct on this occasion. Works, vol. IX. pp. 33, 34.

2 Sumner's land speech had been followed by pleasant relations between him and Rusk.

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