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1 Works, vol. III. pp. 216-227.
2 Debates in Massachusetts Convention, vol. III. pp. 20, 21. On June 6 he offered a resolution for codifying the law and simplifying practice in courts. He was one of a minority of six of his committee of thirteen which submitted, July 18, a report making the jury the judge of the law and the facts in criminal cases. The arbitrary rulings of the judges of the United States courts in prosecutions for resisting the Fugitive Slave Act led him to this position.
3 He presented. June 20, 1854, in the Senate a memorial for a grant of lands to the enterprise, commending it as one which ‘in its very conception reflects credit upon our age, and which, if accomplished, will constitute an epoch in the achievements of science.’
4 Works, vol. III. pp. 258-268. The latter part of the speech, as printed in the Works, was not delivered, as he was cut off by a fifteen-minute rule which was made late in the session. The correspondent (Robert Carter) of the New York Evening Post, July 14, describes the points of the speech and its effect on the delegates. (Debates, vol. III. pp. 373-375.) Later, Sumner explained briefly certain phrases in the Bill of Rights; namely, time one relating to the limitation of legislative powers (Debates, vol. III. p. 381),—the words ‘subject,’ ‘man,’ and ‘person’ (pp. 417, 418, 422); and the clause relative to freedom of religious opinions (p. 417）
5 Works, vol. III. pp. 229-257.
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