as army officers, were misplaced when assigned to civil duties.
They continued to display army titles in civil correspondence.
The Executive Mansion had never before, and has never since, assumed such a military aspect.
Another staff officer (John A. Rawlins
) became Secretary of War
The appointment of A. T. Stewart
as Secretary of the Treasury
was found to be in contravention of the Act of Sept. 2, 1789, drawn by Alexasender Hamilton
, which provided that ‘no person appointed to any office instituted by this Act shall directly or indirectly be concerned in carrying on the business of trade or commerce’ In order to qualify Mr. Stewart
urged the instant repeal of this disabling provision.
, when the measure was about to pass, interposed, and insisted on a preliminary consideration by a committee.
A few moments later a message was received from the President
, in which he asked that Mr. Stewart
be exempted from the Act. When Sherman
sought to have a bill at once carried to that effect, Sumner
again interposed an objection to such summary action, saying that ‘the bill ought to be most profoundly considered before it is acted upon by the Senate.’1
As senators were found after reflection to be averse to making a discrimination in Mr. Stewart
's favor, the President
withdrew his request, and nominated Mr. Boutwell
of the House
to the place.
The Cabinet now had two members from Massachusetts
,—a circumstance which led to Judge Hoar
's retirement a few months later.2
E. B. Washburne
, who had sought and received his place in the Cabinet
as a compliment, held it only a week, and the President
was in the mean time looking for his successor.3 Hamilton Fish
was in washington on the day of the inauguration.
That evening he dined at Sumner
's in company with John Lothrop Motley
, each little thinking how their names were afterwards to