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It is not proposed in this narrative to review the controversy between Fish and Motley as to the latter's departure from or conformity to his instructions. That duty properly belongs to his biographer and his representatives1 It will only be referred to incidentally in these pages when it comes into connection with Sumner's relations to the Administration. He wrote to Cushing, July 19:—

There is a lull in our relations with England, which, I suppose, will continue until broken by Congress. Mihi multum cogitanti, it seems best that our case, in length and breadth, with all details, should be stated to England without any demand of any kind.2 England must know our grievances before any demand can be presented. When this is comprehended, a settlement will be easy.

Sumner came home from Washington shortly after the middle of June, in time to follow his old friend, Richard Fletcher, to his grave at Mt. Auburn. During the recess of Congress, he was several times with the Saturday Club. At the end of August he was glad to welcome Longfellow home from Europe. Late in the autumn Mr. Winthrop invited him to meet at his house Pere Hyacinthe, but he was unable to accept. In August he was the guest of Mr.Pruyn and Mrs. J. V. L. Pruyn, at Albany,3 and there dined with Mrs. Pruyn's father, Judge Amasa Parker. Thence he went to Henry Winthrop Sargent's, at Fishkill-on-the-Hudson, where he amused himself with studying his classmate's experiments in horticulture. Next he visited Mr. Fish, who wrote from Glenclyffe, on the Hudson River, August 3: ‘We shall be very glad to see you; you will always find a welcome under my roof. Let me know by what train you are coming. The President and family will be with us on Thursday, to remain a few days. . . . I telegraph to Boston, and send this to Albany.’

Sumner in his visit to Mr. Fish in August advised him to renew the discussion with the British government by a fresh and vigorous statement of our case. He thought the time favorable, as there was a lull in the demonstrations of English feeling; and he feared, after some hints from General Butler, that

1 Dr. O. W. Holmes treats the controversy in his ‘Memoir of Motley,’ pp 155-190. John Jay reviews it in his ‘Motley's Appeal to History’ (‘International Review,’ November, 1877, pp. 838-854). Sumner touches certain points concerning it in his statement, March, 1871; Works, vol. XIV. pp. 251-276. New York Tribune, April 6, 1874.

2 This was (lone by Sumner's advice in the letter of Fish to Motley, Sept. 25, 1869.

3 Sumner's acquaintance with Mr. Pruyn began when the latter (a Democrat) was a member of the House of Representatives.

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