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[460]

In the House, the committee on foreign affairs (Mr. Banks, chairman) reported the resolution, which was taken up January 9 under a suspension of the rules, the Republicans having a two-thirds majority, and it passed on the 10th by a vote of one hundred and twenty-three to sixty-three. Speeches were limited to ten minutes, and the majority, under General Butler's lead, allowed only a two-hours debate. One of the members who spoke and voted against the resolution was George F. Hoar. Butler had a passage-at-arms with Garfield; the latter, taking note of the former's objection to his motion for a brief extension of the debate, said, ‘Listen to the man who cracks the whip!’ and Butler retorted, ‘Listen to the man whose back smarts!’ The House, while concurring in the inquiry, recorded its opposition to the project which lay behind it, by voting an amendment —one hundred and eight yeas to seventy-six nays—to the effect that the resolution should not be understood as committing Congress to the policy of annexing San Domingo. This declaration, showing the judgment of that body, was the decisive influence which ended the agitation of the project after the inquiry had been concluded; it showed that the joint resolution for annexation could not be carried in the house. Among Republicans voting for the amendment were G. F. Hoar, H. L. Dawes, Eugene Hale, and James A. Garfield; and among those voting against it were B. F. Butler and N. P. Banks. The resolution was sent the same day to the Senate, where it was at once taken up. Sumner read from the newspapers accounts of civil war in San Domingo, and said that ‘the whole scheme was nothing less than the buying of a bloody law-suit.’ The next day, after speeches from Stewart, Yates, and Wilson for the resolution, and from Schurz against it, the Senate concurred unanimously in the House amendment (Sumner voting for it), and rejected eight amendments offered by the senator.

The removal of Sumner from the committee on foreign relations, which had been threatened by Conkling in the debate, was now fully determined upon, to be effected at the next election in March. The purpose to remove him was freely avowed by senators who assumed to be the President's special friends, and was a subject of comment in the public journals. This, it may be noted, was some weeks before the conferences resulting in the Treaty of Washington were entered upon.

The President appointed as commissioners Benjamin F. Wade

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